Vipera anatolica EISELT & BARAN, 1970
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Vipera anatolica?
|Higher Taxa||Viperidae, Viperinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Subspecies||Vipera anatolica anatolica EISELT & BARAN 1970|
Vipera anatolica senliki GÖÇMEN, MEBERT, KARIŞ, OǦUZ & URSENBACHER 2017
|Common Names||E: Anatolian Meadow Viper|
G: Anatolische Wiesenotter
|Synonym||Vipera ursinii anatolica EISELT & BARAN 1970|
Vipera anatolica — WELCH 1994: 119
Vipera anatolica — VENCHI & SINDACO 2006
Vipera anatolica — KUCHARZEWSKI 2011
Pelias anatolica — WALLACH et al. 2014: 530
Type locality: Ciglikara Ormani, 50 km SSW of Elmali, Turkey.
senliki: Turkey (Antalya), Terra typica: Serinyaka Plateau, Mühür Daǧ, Gündoǧmus ̧ District, Antalya Province, Turkey, 1755 m elevation, (36°51′N, 32°02′E). Map legend:
- Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.
NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
|Types||Lectotype: ANSP 6915|
Holotype. ZMADYU 2016/97-2, Adult male, Leg. 23 May 2016, Bayram Göçmen, Mert Karıs, Mehmet Anıl Oguz, Murat Senlik, Erdem Bulut.
Paratypes. Eight specimens from ca. 3 km east and west of the holotype on Mühür Dag, Gündogmus ̧ District, Antalya Province, Turkey. For locality details and voucher numbers see figs SF-1 to SF-5.
Synonymy: Vipera ursinii ebneri KNÖPFLER & SOCHUREK, 1955 is now considered a synonym of V. eriwanensis. Vipera ursinii renardi (CHRISTOPH, 1861) is now considered as a valid species. Synonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.).
Subspecies: Golay et al. (1993) recognized 4 subspecies: V. u. ursinii, rakosiensis, eriwanensis, and renardi, of which the latter 2 have been raised to species status. However, the taxonomy is in an unsatisfactory state and requires more study before any further conclusions can be drawn.
Distribution: not in Ukraine fide Viktor Gasso, pers. comm. 12 June 2011. Joger and Stümpel (2005) recently recognized V. ursinii as being restricted to Europe, ranging as isolated populations from France in the west to Moldova in the east. Records of V. ursinii from the following countries represent V. renardi: NW Iran, Armenia, Russia, Moldova, Georgia, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, eastward through Kazakhstan to Mt. Altai, south to Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, China (W Xinjiang). Not in Kazakhstan fide Dujsebayeva (2010 and pers. comm., 6 Feb 2012).
Conservation: one of the 30 most endangered viper species (Maritz et al. 2016).
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