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Vipera darevskii VEDMEDERJA, ORLOV & TUNIYEV, 1986

IUCN Red List - Vipera darevskii - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Darevsky's Viper
G: Darevski-Kreuzotter, Darevsky's Kaukasusotter 
SynonymVipera darevskii VEDMEDERJA, ORLOV & TUNIYEV 1986
Vipera renardi
Vipera ursini eriwanensis (REUSS 1923)
Vipera kaznakovi dinniki DAREVSKY 1956
Vipera darevskii — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Vipera darevskii — WELCH 1994: 121
Vipera (Pelias) darevskii — NILSON et al. 1999: 103
Vipera darevskii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 404
Vipera (Pelias) darevskii — VENCHI & SINDACO 2006 
DistributionArmenia, Georgia, Turkey (Kars, Anatolia), elevation 2300-2800 m.

Type locality: Gukasyan Region, Armenia Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: Zoological Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Leningrad 19934, adult female. 
CommentVenomous!

Distribution: specimens from Turkey previously assigned to this species have been assigned to a new species, Vipera (Pelias) olguni.

Synonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). Not found in Turkey but close to the Turkish-Armenian border (VENCHI & SINDACO 2006). 
EtymologyEtymology: Named after Russian herpetologist Ilya S. Darevsky (18 Dec 1924 - 8 Aug 2009), who collected the holotype. 
References
  • Arakelyan, M. S.; F. D. Danielyan, C. Corti, R. Sindaco, and A. E. Leviton 2011. The Herpetofauna of Armenia and Naganorno-Karabakh. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 154 pp.
  • Avci, Aziz; Çetin Ilgaz, Sagdan Baskaya, Ibrahim Baran, and Yusuf Kumlutas 2010. Contribution to the distribution and morphology of Pelias darevskii (Vedmederja, Orlov et Tuniyev 1986) (Reptilia: Squamata: Viperidae) in Northeastern Anatolia. Russian Journal of Herpetology 17 (1): 1-7 - get paper here
  • Billing H; Nilson G; Sattler U 1990. Vipera pontica sp. n., a new viper species in the kaznakovi group (Reptilia, Viperidae) from northeastern Turkey and adjacent Transcaucasia. Zoologica Scripta 19 (2): 227-231
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Geniez, Philippe and Alexandre Tynié 2005. Discovery of a population of the critically endangered Vipera darevskii Vedmederja, Orlov & Tuniyev, 1986 in Turkey, with new elements on its identification (Reptilia: Squamata: Viperidae). Herpetozoa 18 (1-2):25-33. - get paper here
  • Joger, U.; Fritz, U.; Guicking, D.; Kalyabina-Hauf, S.; Nagy, Z.T. & Wink, M. 2007. Phylogeography of western Palaearctic reptiles – Spatial and temporal speciation patterns. Zoologischer Anzeiger 246: 293–313 - get paper here
  • Mallow, D. Ludwig, D. & Nilson, G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, 410 pp. [review in HR 35: 200, Reptilia 35: 74]
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Nilson, G., Andren, C., & Flärdh, B. 1988. Die Vipern der Türkei. Salamandra 24 (4): 215-247.
  • Nilson,G.; TUNIYEV,B.; ANDRÉN,C. & ORLOV,N. 1999. Vipers of Caucasus: Taxonomic considerations. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 103-106
  • Orlov,N.L. & B.S. Tuniyev. 1990. Three Species in the Vipera kaznakowi Complex (Eurosiberian Group) in the Caucasus: Their Present Distribution, Possile Genesis, and Phylogeny. Asiatic Herpetological Research 3: 1-36. - get paper here
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Shine, Richard;Madsen, Thomas 1994. Sexual dichromatism in snakes of the genus Vipera: A review and a new evolutionary hypothesis Journal of Herpetology 28 (1): 114-117 - get paper here
  • Tuniyev, S. B.; A. Avcı, B. S. Tuniyev, A. L. Agasian, L. A. Agasian 2013. Description of a New Species of Shield-Head Vipers - Pelias olguni sp. nov. from Basin of Upper Flow of the Kura River in Turkey. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (4): 314-332 - get paper here
  • Vedmederja V J; Orlov N L; Tuniyev B S 1986. On taxonomy of three viper species of the Vipera kaznakowi complex [in Russian]. TRUDY ZOOLOGICHESKOGO INSTITUTA AKADEMII NAUK SSSR 157: 55-61 - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
 
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