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Vipera latastei BOSCA, 1878

IUCN Red List - Vipera latastei - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesVipera latastei latastei BOSCA 1878
Vipera latastei gaditana SAINT GIRONS 1977 
Common NamesE: Lataste’s Viper
G: Stülpnasenotter 
SynonymVipera latasti BOSCA 1878: 121
Vipera latastei — BOSCA 1879: 30 (justified emendation)
Vipera latastii — BOULENGER 1913
Rhinaspis (Latastea) latastei — REUSS 1933
Vipera latasti — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Vipera latastei — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 405
Vipera (Vipera) latastei — VENCHI & SINDACO 2006
Vipera latastei — WALLACH et al. 2014: 774

Vipera latasti latastei BOSCA 1878
Rhinaspis latastei nigricaudata REUSS 1933
Vipera latasti latasti — MALKMUS 1982
Vipera (Rhinaspis) latasti latasti OBST 1983
Vipera latastei latastei — WELCH 1994: 121
Vipera latastei latastei — SCHWEIGER 2009
Vipera latastei latastei — MARTÍNEZ-FREIRÍA et al. 2021

Vipera latastei gaditana SAINT GIRONS 1977
Vipera latasti gaditana SAINT GIRONS 1977
Vipera (Rhinaspis) latasti gaditana OBST 1983
Vipera latastei gaditana — WELCH 1994: 121
Vipera latastei gaditana — MALKMUS 1995
Vipera latastei gaditana — AMAT 2004
Vipera latastei gaditana — SCHWEIGER 2009
Vipera latastei gaditana — WIRTH 2010
Vipera latastei gaditana — WEIMA 2013
Vipera latastei gaditana — TRAPP 2104
Vipera latastei gaditana — KWET & TRAPP 2014 
DistributionN Morocco, N Algeria, N Tunisia, Portugal, Spain

arundana: Spain (Cádiz and Málaga provinces); Type locality: La Jarda, Montes Propios de Jerez de la Frontera, Cádiz (Spain).

latastei: Spain, N Portugal; Type locality: “ciudad real” emended to “Valencia, Spanien” (Valencia, spain) by MERTENS & MÜLLER (1928: 52).

gaditana: S Portugal, SW Spain, N Morocco, Algeria, NW Tunisia; Type locality: Coto de Doñana (Huelva, Spain)  
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.1.21.5 (formerly BMNH 1920.1.20.252), one of the syntypes, designated by Sain-Girons 1977.
Syntypes: ZSM (SLM) 1809/1-2, subadult male, subadult female, “Mosqueruela b. Teruel (Ost-Spanien)” (jar label), collected by Grün, 07.1931; ZSM (SLM) 3201/1-2, two adult males, same data as ZSM (SLM) 1809, but collected 10.1932; ZSM (SLM) 4722, adult female, same data as ZSM (SLM) 1809. MARTÍNEZ-FREIRÍA et al. 2021 considered these specimens (ZSM 1809/1–2, ZSM 3201/1–2, ZSM 4722), as paralectotypes of latastei, although they were listed as syntypes of nigricaudata by Franzen & Glaw 2007) [nigricaudata]
Holotype: MHNG 1352.99 (given as MG = Museum Geneva) [gaditana]
Holotype: EBD 38308H (Estación Biológica Doñana—CSIC (Sevilla, Spain), 14VL018 (adult, male), collected by F. Jiménez-Cazalla in 2013. For specimen description, and sequence and tissue availability, see Appendix 1 in MARTÍNEZ-FREIRÍA et al. 2021. Paratypes: MNCN 15921 (adult, male), collected by an unknown collector in 1980, deposited in the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales—CSIC (Madrid, Spain), MNCN 38917 (adult, female) from Yunquera, Málaga (Spain) collected by F. Palacios in 1981, deposited in the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales—CSIC (Spain), and EBD 23705H (adult, male) from Cortes de la Frontera—El Colmenar, Málaga (Spain) collected by J. Braza and I. Varela in 1987, deposited in Estación Biológica de Doñana—CSIC (Spain). For specimen descriptions, see Appendix 1 in MARTÍNEZ-FREIRÍA et al. 2021 [arundana] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (latastei): In relation to the other Iberian Lataste's viper subspecies, specimens of V. l. latastei reach in average larger sizes (SVL), present lower num- ber of periocular scales and higher number of subcaudal scales (both in females and males), and are characterized by the predominance of angular zigzag dorsal patterns with higher number of dorsal marks (see Figure 4a–e; Table S6 in MARTÍNEZ-FREIRÍA et al. 2021). 

Distribution: For a map see Sindaco et al. 2013. 
EtymologyNamed after Fernand Lataste, a French naturalist.

The adjective “arundana” is the demonym of the inhabitants of Arunda (=Ronda, Málaga province; designation used by the Romans in the antiquity), locality in the central range of this subspecies.

The adjective “gaditana” comes from the Latin name Gades (=Cadiz) making reference to the inhabitants of the southernmost region of Spain within the Iberian Peninsula, in the eastern bank of the Guadalquivir river mouth (i.e., Saint Girons confounded the toponymy). Although this region is now excluded from the range of this subspecies, where a newer subspecies is described (see below), “gaditana” has prevalence. 
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