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Vipera orlovi TUNIYEV & OSTROVSKIKH, 2001

IUCN Red List - Vipera orlovi - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymVipera orlovi TUNIYEV & OSTROVSKIKH, 2001
Vipera kaznakovi — KRAMER 1961:703 (part.)
Vipera dinniki orlovi — SCHWEIGER 2009
Vipera orlovi — LIVIGNI 2013: 351
Pelias orlovi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 533
Pelias orlovi — TUNIYEV 2016
Pelias orlovi— DUNAEV & ORLOVA 2017 
DistributionW Caucasus (50-1100 m elevation)

Type locality: Papai Mountain, Krasnodarskii region, Russia  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: SD CSNBR 528, adult male, (Scientific Department, Caucasian State Nature Biosphere Reserve, Sochi), May 12, 1997, coll. S. V. Ostrovskikh. 
CommentSynonymy: this species may be synonymous with V. (P.) dinniki (Mallow et al.,
2003, Smedt, 2006).

Venomous!

Conservation: one of the 30 most endangered viper species (Maritz et al. 2016). 
EtymologySpecies is named after the Russian herpetologist — Nikolay L. Orlov, who made an im-portant contribution to the study of Caucasian vipers. 
References
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • De Smedt, J. 2006. The Vipers of Europe. Monasteria, Münster, 340 pp.
  • Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles of Russia. Atlas and determination. 2nd. ed. Moscow: Phyton XXI, 328 p
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • Mallow, D. Ludwig, D. & Nilson, G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, 410 pp. [review in HR 35: 200, Reptilia 35: 74]
  • Maritz, Bryan; Johannes Penner, Marcio Martins, Jelka Crnobrnja-Isailović, Stephen Spear, Laura R.V. Alencar, Jesús Sigala-Rodriguez, Kevin Messenger, Rulon W. Clark, Pritpal Soorae, Luca Luiselli, Chris Jenkins, Harry W. Greene 2016. Identifying global priorities for the conservation of vipers Biological Conservation, doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2016.05.004 - get paper here
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Schweiger, M. 2009. Die Giftschlangen Europas. Eine Übersicht der Arten und Bemerkungen zu einzelnen Taxa. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (76): 14-25 - get paper here
  • Tuniyev B.S. 2016. Rare species of shield-head vipers in the Caucasus. Nature Conservation Research 1 (3): 11–25 - get paper here
  • TUNIYEV, B. S. & S. V. OSTROVSKIKH 2001. Two new species of vipers of "kaznakovi" complex (Ophidia, Viperidae) from western Caucasus. Russ. J. Herpetol. 8 (2): 117-126 - get paper here
  • Tuniyev, S. B.; A. Avcı, B. S. Tuniyev, A. L. Agasian, L. A. Agasian 2013. Description of a New Species of Shield-Head Vipers - Pelias olguni sp. nov. from Basin of Upper Flow of the Kura River in Turkey. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (4): 314-332 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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