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Vipera pontica BILLING, NILSON & SATTLER, 1990

IUCN Red List - Vipera pontica - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: Black Sea Viper
G: Ponitsche Viper 
SynonymVipera pontica BILLING, NILSON & SATTLER 1990
Vipera pontica — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Vipera pontica — WELCH 1994: 123
Vipera pontica — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 407
Pelias pontica — TUNIYEV et al. 2012
Pelias pontica — WALLACH et al. 2014: 544 
DistributionTurkey, Republic of Georgia

Type locality: Coruh Valley, Artvin Province, NE Turkey  
TypesHolotype: GNM (Göteborg Natural History Museum) 
CommentVenomous! Species of doubtful validity (U. Joger in MCDIARMID et al. 1999). Maybe placed in the synonymy of V. barani (fide BARAN 2001) 
Etymologynamed after the type locality in the Pontic mountain chain. 
  • Baran, I., U. Joger, B. Kutrup & O. Türkozan 2001. On new specimens of Vipera barani Böhme & Joger, 1983, from northeastern Anatolia, and implications for the validity of Vipera pontica Billing, Nilson & Sattler, 1990 (Reptilia, Viperidae). Zoology in the Middle East 23:47 - get paper here
  • Billing H; Nilson G; Sattler U 1990. Vipera pontica sp. n., a new viper species in the kaznakovi group (Reptilia, Viperidae) from northeastern Turkey and adjacent Transcaucasia. Zoologica Scripta 19 (2): 227-231
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554.
  • Tuniyev, S. B.; A. Avcı, B. S. Tuniyev, A. L. Agasian, L. A. Agasian 2013. Description of a New Species of Shield-Head Vipers - Pelias olguni sp. nov. from Basin of Upper Flow of the Kura River in Turkey. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (4): 314-332 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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