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Vipera seoanei LATASTE, 1879

IUCN Red List - Vipera seoanei - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesVipera seoanei seoanei LATASTE 1879
Vipera seoanei cantabrica BRAÑA & BAS 1983 
Common NamesE: Portugese Viper
G: Nordiberische Kreuzotter 
SynonymVipera berus seoanei LATASTE 1879: 132
Vipera seoanei — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Vipera seoanei — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 408
Vipera (Pelias) seoanei — VENCHI & SINDACO 2006

Vipera seoanei cantabrica BRAÑA & BAS 1983
Vipera seoanei cantabrica BRAÑA & BAS 1983
Vipera seoanei cantabrica — WELCH 1994: 123
Vipera seoanei cantabrica — KWET 2007

Vipera seoanei seoanei LATASTE 1879
Vipera berus seoanei LATASTE 1879
Vipera berus seoanei — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Vipera seoanei seoanei — WELCH 1994: 123
Vipera seoanei seoanei — SCHWEIGER 2009 
DistributionN Portugal, NW Spain

seoanei: N Portugal, N Spain, SW France; Type locality: “in montibus Gallaecorum et cantabrorum ... d’espagne” (Galician and cantabrian Mts., spain). MERTENS &
Müller (1928) restricted to “cabañas, prov. coruña, Spanien” [cabanas near ferrol, coruna prov., according to Golay et al. (1993)].

cantabrica: NW Spain; paratype location: “Villablino (León)”; Holotype and 8 paratypes are in the Sociedad de Ciencias ARANZADI (no 456-464), 2 paratypes in the Museum d’Histoire Naturelle, Geneva (MHNG 9581 and 9599), and 2 more paratypes in the Zoology and Ecology Department of University of Oviedo (no 75191001 and 79290601), 1 paratype in MNCN 39119. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
Typestypes: BMNH 1946.1.21.44-45 (and possibly additional specimens). 

Etymology: named after Victor Lopez Seoane. 
  • Bea, A.;Bas, S.;Bra±a, F.;Saint Girons, Hubert 1984. Morphologie comparée et répartition de Vipera seoanei Lataste, 1879, en Espagne Amphibia-Reptilia 5: 395-410 - get paper here
  • Berroneau, M. et al. 2010. Guide des Amphibiens et Reptiles d’Aquitaine. Association Cistude Nature, 180 pp.
  • Billing, H. 1983. Polymorphismus bei Vipera berus seoanei. Herpetofauna 5 (24): 31-33 - get paper here
  • Böhme W; Joger U 1984. Eine neue Art des Vipera berus-Komplexes aus der Turkei. Amphibia-Reptilia 4 (2-4) 1983: 265-271 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Remarks on the common viper, Vipera berus, and on one of its subspecies, V. Seoanei. The Zoologist 1885: 373-375
  • Braña & BAS 1983. Munibe 35: 87-88
  • Brito, José C. & Francisco J. Álvares 2004. Patterns of road mortality in Vipera latastei and V. seoanei from northern Portugal. Amphibia-Reptilia 25 (4): 459-465 - get paper here
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • GARCÍA-DÍEZ, TERESA; JOSÉ E. GONZÁLEZ-FERNÁNDEZ 2013. The reptile type specimens preserved in the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (CSIC) of Madrid, Spain. Zootaxa 3619 (1): 046–058 - get paper here
  • Garrigues, Thomas; Catherine Dauga; Elisabeth Ferquel; Valérie Choumet and Anna-Bella Failloux 2005. Molecular phylogeny of Vipera Laurenti, 1768 and the related genera Macrovipera (Reuss, 1927) and Daboia (Gray, 1842), with comments about neurotoxic Vipera aspis aspis populations . Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution <br />Volume 35 (1): 35-47 - get paper here
  • Joger, U.; Fritz, U.; Guicking, D.; Kalyabina-Hauf, S.; Nagy, Z.T. & Wink, M. 2007. Phylogeography of western Palaearctic reptiles – Spatial and temporal speciation patterns. Zoologischer Anzeiger 246: 293–313 - get paper here
  • Kreiner, G. 2009. Die Schlangen Nordspaniens - Reiseeindrücke aus dem Kantabrischen Gebirge und angrenzenden Gebieten. Draco 10 (39): 38-48 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2007. Auch spanische Kreuzottern sind giftig. Draco 7 (27): 49-53 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Lataste,F. 1879. Diagnose dúne vipère nouvelle dÉspagne. Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France, Angers 4:132 - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R. 1982. Beitrag zur Verbreitung der Amphibien und Reptilien in Portugal Salamandra 18 (3-4): 218-299.
  • Malkmus, R. 1983. Nachtrag zur Verbreitung der Amphibien und Reptilien Portugals. Salamandra 19 (1/2): 71-83
  • Malkmus, R. 2005. Welche Folgen haben mediterrane Waldbrände für die Herpetofauna? Elaphe 13 (2): 57-61
  • Malkmus,R. 1995. Die Amphibien und Reptilien Portugals, Madeiras und der Azoren. Die Neue Brehm-Bücherei, Bd. 621. Westarp Wissenschaften (Magdeburg)/Spektrum Akademischer Verlag (Heidelberg)
  • Martínez-Freiría, F. and Brito, J. C. 2013. Integrating classical and spatial multivariate analyses for assessing morphological variability in the endemic Iberian viper Vipera seoanei. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 51: 122–131. doi: 10.1111/jzs.12015 - get paper here
  • Martínez-Freiría, Fernando and José C. Brito 2013. Integrating classical and spatial multivariate analyses for assessing morphological variability in the endemic Iberian viper Vipera seoanei. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12015 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Naulleau, G. 1987. Les serpents de France, 2.ed Rev. Francaise d'Aquariologie, Herpet. (Nancy) 56 pp.
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Saint Girons, H. and Duguy, R. 1976. Ecologie et position systematique de Vipera seoanei Lataste, 1879. Bulletin de la Societe Zoologique de France 101: 325-339.
  • Saint Girons, Hubert;Bea, A.;Bra±a, F. 1986. La distribución de los diferentes fenotipos de Vipera seoanei Lataste, 1879, en la región de los Picos de Europa (Norte de la Península Ibérica) Munibe 38: 121-128
  • Saint Girons,H. 1990. Morphologie comparée des hybrides de Vipera seoanei Lataste, 1879 x Vipera aspis (L.). Amphibia-Reptilia, Leiden 11(2): 197-200. - get paper here
  • Schweiger, M. 2009. Die Giftschlangen Europas. Eine Übersicht der Arten und Bemerkungen zu einzelnen Taxa. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (76): 14-25 - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
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