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Vipera transcaucasiana BOULENGER, 1913

IUCN Red List - Vipera transcaucasiana - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymVipera ammodytes transcaucasiana BOULENGER 1913
Coluber ammodytes LINNAEUS 1758
Vipera ammodytes LINNAEUS 1766
Vipera (Rhinaspis) transcaucasiana — OBST 1983
Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana — BILLING et al. 1990
Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana — WELCH 1994: 119
Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana — KUTRUP 1999
Vipera ammodytes — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 391 
DistributionGeorgia, NW Azerbaijan, N Turkey, Iran

Type locality: "Borzom, in the district Gori, Prov.Tiflis” [Borzom, Georgia]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntype: BMNH 1913.10.30.1. and probably two in the Tiflis Museum. 
CommentVenomous!

Synonymy: Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana is considered as species by several authors (like JOGER, pers. comm., Nilson et al. 1999), but not by others (e.g. BARAN 1998, DAVID et al. 1999). 
References
  • Billing H; Nilson G; Sattler U 1990. Vipera pontica sp. n., a new viper species in the kaznakovi group (Reptilia, Viperidae) from northeastern Turkey and adjacent Transcaucasia. Zoologica Scripta 19 (2): 227-231
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1913. On the geographical races of Vipera ammodytes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 11: 283-287 - get paper here
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Kutrup, B. 1999. The Morphology of Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana (Reptilia, Viperidae) Specimens Collected from Murgul (Artvin, Turkey). Tr. J. of Zoology 23: 433–438
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Nilson, G., Andren, C., & Flärdh, B. 1988. Die Vipern der Türkei. Salamandra 24 (4): 215-247.
  • Nilson,G.; TUNIYEV,B.; ANDRÉN,C. & ORLOV,N. 1999. Vipers of Caucasus: Taxonomic considerations. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 103-106
  • Obst,F.J. 1983. Zur Kenntnis der Schlangengattung Vipera. Zool. Abh. staatl. Mus. Tierkunde Dresden 38: 229-235
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Tok, C. V. & Y. Kumlutaş 1996. On Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana (Viperidae) from Perşembe, Black Sea region of Turkey. Zoology in the Middle East 13: 47 - get paper here
 
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