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Vipera transcaucasiana BOULENGER, 1913

IUCN Red List - Vipera transcaucasiana - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymVipera ammodytes transcaucasiana BOULENGER 1913
Coluber ammodytes LINNAEUS 1758
Vipera ammodytes LINNAEUS 1766
Vipera (Rhinaspis) transcaucasiana — OBST 1983
Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana — BILLING et al. 1990
Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana — WELCH 1994: 119
Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana — KUTRUP 1999
Vipera ammodytes — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 391 
DistributionGeorgia, NW Azerbaijan, N Turkey, Iran

Type locality: "Borzom, in the district Gori, Prov.Tiflis” [Borzom, Georgia]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntype (3): BMNH 1913.10.30.1. and probably two in the Tiflis Museum. 
CommentVenomous! Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana is considered as species by several authors (like JOGER, pers. comm., Nilson et al. 1999), but not by others (e.g. BARAN 1998, DAVID et al. 1999). 
References
  • Billing H; Nilson G; Sattler U 1990. Vipera pontica sp. n., a new viper species in the kaznakovi group (Reptilia, Viperidae) from northeastern Turkey and adjacent Transcaucasia. Zoologica Scripta 19 (2): 227-231
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1913. On the geographical races of Vipera ammodytes. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8) 11: 283-287 - get paper here
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Kutrup, B. 1999. The Morphology of Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana (Reptilia, Viperidae) Specimens Collected from Murgul (Artvin, Turkey). Tr. J. of Zoology 23: 433–438
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Nilson, G., Andren, C., & Flärdh, B. 1988. Die Vipern der Türkei. Salamandra 24 (4): 215-247.
  • Nilson,G.; TUNIYEV,B.; ANDRÉN,C. & ORLOV,N. 1999. Vipers of Caucasus: Taxonomic considerations. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 103-106
  • Obst,F.J. 1983. Zur Kenntnis der Schlangengattung Vipera. Zool. Abh. staatl. Mus. Tierkunde Dresden 38: 229-235
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Tok, C. V. & Y. Kumlutaş 1996. On Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana (Viperidae) from Perşembe, Black Sea region of Turkey. Zoology in the Middle East 13: 47 - get paper here
 
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