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Xenagama batillifera (VAILLANT, 1882)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesVaillant’s Strange Agama, (Dwarf) Turnip Tail Agama 
SynonymUromastix batilliferus VAILLANT 1882: 10
Aporoscelis batilliferus — BOULENGER 1885: 411
Agama batillifera — BOULENGER 1895: 533
Agama (Xenagama) batillifera — BOULENGER 1897: 130
Agama (Xenagama) batillifera — PARKER 1942: 54
Agama batillifera — WERMUTH 1967: 9
Xenagama batillifera — LANZA 1983: 209
Xenagama batillifera — BARTS & WILMS 1997: 396.1
Xenagama batillifera — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 111
Xenagama batilifera [sic]— BARTS 2001: 2
Xenagama batillifera — BARTS & WILMS 2003 
DistributionNW Somalia, E Ethiopia ?

Type locality: Pays Comalis [=Somalia region]; lectotype locality: ‘Bender-Meraya [=Bender-Meraio] chez les Comalis Medjourtines’  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: MNHN 5830 (AG 330-1), adult male collected by G. Revoil. 
CommentSimilar species: All “X. batillifera” in captivity are actually X. wilmsi. Since the revision of WAGNER et al. 2013 X. batillifera is the rarest species of the genus.

Type species: Uromastix batilliferus VAILLANT 1882 is the type species of the genus Xenagama BOULENGER 1895: 534. 
References
  • Barts, M. 2001. Xenagama batilifera (VAILLANT). Sauria 23 (3): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Barts, M. 2004. Erfahrungen bei der Haltung und Vermehrung von Xenagama batillifera (VAILLANT 1832) mit Anmerkungen zum Verhalten von Xenagama taylori (PARKER 1935). Reptilia (Münster) 9 (47): 72-77 - get paper here
  • Barts, M. & Wilms, T. 2003. Die Agamen der Welt. Draco 4 (14): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Barts, M. & Wilms,T. 1997. Catalogue of valid species and synonoms, Vol. 4 (Agamidae). Herprint International, Pretoria. - get paper here
  • Böhme, W. & Kirschner, A. 2002. Über die Stachelschwanzagamen der Gattung Xenagama BOULENGER 1895, mit Anmerkungen zur Zucht beider Arten. Herpetofauna 24 (139): 5-18 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1898. On a second collection of reptiles made by Mr. E. Lord-Phillips in Somaliland. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 2: 130-133 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1895. An account of the reptiles and batrachians collected by Dr. A. Donaldson Smith in western Somaliland and the Galla Country. Proc. zool. Soc. London 1895: 530-540 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Lanza,B. 1983. A list of the Somali amphibians and reptiles. MONITORE ZOOLOGICO ITALIANO, new Ser., SUPPL. 18 (8): 193-247
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2006. Lizards of Ethiopia (Reptilia Sauria): an annotated checklist, bibliography, gazetteer and identification. Tropical Zoology 19 (1): 21-109 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Mazuch, Tomáš 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of Somaliland and Eastern Ethiopia. Tomáš Mazuch Publishing, 80 pp. ISBN: 978-80-905439-0-4 - get paper here
  • Parker, H. W. 1942. The lizards of British Somaliland. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91: 1—101 - get paper here
  • Vaillant, M.L. 1882. Reptiles et Batraciens. in: Révoil: Mission G. Révoil aux pays Comalis, Faune et Flore. Faune et Flore des Pays Comalis, Afr. orient., 25 pp, 3 plates
  • Wagner, Philipp 2013. Wildfänge in der Terraristik?. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (5): 36-42 - get paper here
  • WAGNER, PHILIPP, TOMAS MAZUCH and AARON M. BAUER 2013. An extraordinary tail – integrative review of the agamid genus Xenagama. J Zoolog Syst Evol Res doi: 10.1111/jzs.12016 - get paper here
 
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