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Xenelaphis hexagonotus (CANTOR, 1847)

IUCN Red List - Xenelaphis hexagonotus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: Malaysian Brown Snake
G: Braunnatter 
SynonymColuber hexahonotus (sic) CANTOR 1847: 921
Coluber hexagonotus — CANTOR 1847 (emendation)
Coryphodon sub-lutescens DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 187
Coryphodon hexanotus (sic) — GÜNTHER 1858
Xenelaphis hexahonotus — GÜNTHER 1864
Ptyas hexagonotus — STOLICZKA 1870: 186
Ptyas hexagonotus — THEOBALD 1876
Xenelaphis hexagonotus — BOULENGER 1890
Xenelaphis hexagonotus — BOULENGER 1894: 8
Xenelaphis hexagonotus — SMITH 1943
Xenelaphis hexagonotus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 396
Xenelaphis hexagonotus — STUEBING & INGER 1999
Xenelaphis hexagonotus — SANG et al. 2009
Xenelaphis hexagonotus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 795 
DistributionBurma (Myanmar) ?
Indonesia (Bangka, Belitung, Java, Kalimantan, Riau Archipelago, Sumatra, Borneo);
Malaysia (Malaya and East Malaysia);
Singapore; Thailand; Vietnam

Type locality: Great Hill of Pinang [= Pulau Pinang, West Malaysia] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.4.86 
CommentThe specific name appeared first as hexahonotus in the original description on p. 921 of Cantor (1847); in the same article, the author used twice the correct spelling hexagonotus on p. 1070 and 1077. The name was also corrected in an erratum, added later to the published volume.

Type species: Coluber hexagonotus CANTOR 1847: 921 is the type species of the genus Xenelaphis GÜNTHER 1864. 
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Cantor. T. E. 1847. Catalogue of reptiles inhabiting the Malayan Peninsula and Islands. J Asiat. Soc., Bengal, Calcutta. 16 (2): 607 - 656, 897-952, 1026 - 1078 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel,G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • ONN, CHAN KIN; L. LEE. GRISMER, DIONYSIUS S. SHARMA, DAICUS BELABUT, and NORHAYATI AHMA 2009. New herpetofaunal records for Perlis State Park and adjacent areas. Malayan Nature Journal 61 (4): 255 - 262
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Stoliczka, F. 1870. Observations on some Indian and Malayan Amphibia and Reptilia. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 39: 134-228. - get paper here
  • Stuebing, R.B. & INGER, R.F. 1999. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo. Natural history Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, 254 pp. [corrections in HR 31: 124].
  • Teo, R.C.H. & Rajathurai, S. 1997. Mammals, reptiles and amphibians in the Nature Reserves of Singapore - diversity, abundance and distribution. Proc. Nature Reserves Survey Seminar. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 49: 353-425
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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