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Xenochrophis maculatus (EDELING, 1864)

IUCN Red List - Xenochrophis maculatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Spotted Keelback
G: Gefleckte Fischnatter 
SynonymTropidonotus sundanensis BLEEKER 1857 (nomen nudum)
Tropidonotus sundanensis — BLEEKER 1858
Tropidonotus maculatus EDELING 1864: 203
Tropidonotus sundanensis GÜNTHER 1865: 95
Tropidonotus maculatus — BOULENGER 1893: 260
Natrix maculata — BARBOUR 1912
Natrix maculata — SMEDLEY 1931: 52
Macropophis maculata — MALNATE 1960
Macropophis maculatus — GRANDISON 1978: 293
Macropophis maculatus — TWEEDIE 1983
Xenochrophis maculatus — MALNATE & UNDERWOOD 1988: 195
Xenochrophis maculatus — MALKMUS et al. 2002
Xenochrophis maculatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 798 
DistributionIndonesia (Belitung = Billiton, Natuna Archipelago, Riau Archipelago, Sumatra, Borneo);
Brunei Darussalam;
Malaysia (Malaya and East Malaysia);
Singapore (?)

Type locality: "Martapoura, pres de Bandjermasin," Borneo.  
TypesHolotype: RMNH ? (not present in BMNH).
Holotype: RMNH RENA.3953, P. Bleeker 1880 [Tropidonotus sundanensis] 
CommentDavid & Vogel (1996) mention Tropidonotus maculatus as a synonym of both Amphiesma petersii and Xenochrophis maculatus. It is not clear to us what the relationship between these species/names is. 
  • Auliya, M. 2006. Taxonomy, Life History, and conservation of giant reptiles in west Kalimantan. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 432 pp. - get paper here
  • Baker, N. 2019. Some snake records from Gunung Arong Forest Reserve, Johor, Peninsular Malaysia. SEAVR 2019: 001‐006 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • David, Patrick and Gernot Vogel. 2010. A new species of Natricine snake genus Amphiesma from Borneo (Squamata: Natricidae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 121-127 - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel, G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • Edeling, A.C.J. 1865. Recherches sur la faune erpétologique de Bornéo. Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., Leiden, 2: 200-204 [1864] - get paper here
  • Figueroa, Alex and Ryan James Robert McCleary. 2013. Xenochrophis maculatus (spotted keelback) diet. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 698-699 - get paper here
  • FIGUEROA, ALEX; MARTYN E.Y. LOW, KELVIN K.P. LIM 2023. Singapore’s herpetofauna: updated and annotated checklist, history, conservation, and distribution. Zootaxa 5287 (1): 001–378 - get paper here
  • Herlambang, A. E., Riyanto, A., Munir, M., Hamidy, A., Kimura, K., Eto, K., & Mumpuni, M. 2022. AFTER 16 YEARS: AN UPDATE CHECKLIST OF HERPETOFAUNA ON THE NATUNA ISLANDS, INDONESIA. TREUBIA, 49(2), 67-84 - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Malnate E V; Underwood G 1988. Australasian natricine snakes of the genus Tropidonophis. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES OF PHILADELPHIA 140 (1) : 59-201 - get paper here
  • Malnate, Edmond V. 1960. Systematic division and evolution of the colubrid snake genus Natrix, with comments on the subfamily Natricinae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 112 (3): 41-71. - get paper here
  • Prill, Madlen & Maximilian Dehling 2021. Amphibien und Reptilien des Bako-Nationalparks, Borneo. Elaphe 2021 (5): 38-49
  • Rooijen, J. van & Myriam van Rooijen. 2007. The land snakes of the Santubong Peninsula, Sarawak, Borneo: A preliminary list of species with natural history notes. Russ. J. Herpetol. 14 (1):27-38 - get paper here
  • Smedley, N. 1931. Notes on some Malaysian snakes. Bull. Raffles Mus. No 5: 49-54 - get paper here
  • Stuebing, R.B. & INGER, R.F. 1999. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo. Natural history Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, 254 pp. [corrections in HR 31: 124]. - get paper here
  • Stuebing, R.B., Inger, R.F. & Lardner, B. 2014. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo, second edition. Natural history Publications (Borneo)
  • Teo, R.C.H. & N.J. Thomas 2019. Updated Inventory of Amphibians, Reptiles and Mammals of the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 71(Suppl. 1):145-183; doi: 10.26492/gbs71(suppl.1).2019-06 - get paper here
  • Teo, R.C.H. & Rajathurai, S. 1997. Mammals, reptiles and amphibians in the Nature Reserves of Singapore - diversity, abundance and distribution. Proc. Nature Reserves Survey Seminar. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 49: 353-425
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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