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Xylophis captaini GOWER & WINKLER, 2007

IUCN Red List - Xylophis captaini - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaXenodermidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Captain’s Xylophis, Captain’s wood snake 
SynonymXylophis captaini GOWER & WINKLER 2007
Xylophis captaini — WALLACH et al. 2014: 804 
DistributionIndia (Kerala, elevation below 300 m, Tamil Nadu)

Type locality: at Kannam, Kottayam District, in the state of
Kerala at approximately 9° 32’ N, 76° 41’ E, 110 m elevation.The locality is situated between the Arabian Sea coast of peninsular India and the western foothills of the Western Ghats. This is also the type locality of the syntopic caecilian amphibian Uraeotyphlus narayani Seshachar.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BNHM = BNHS 3375. Adult male, collected by O. V. Oommen and colleagues (University of Kerala), 14 August 2000.

The specimen was dug from loose soil in a garden/small mixed plantation close to housing. The locality is situated between the Arabian Sea coast of peninsular India and the western foothills of the Western Ghats. This is also the type locality of the syntopic caecilian amphibian Uraeotyphlus narayani Seshachar. 
CommentHabitat: The type specimen was dug from loose soil in a garden/small mixed plantation close to housing. 
EtymologyThe species is named for Ashok Captain (Pune, India), in recognition of his contributions to the knowledge of Indian snakes. 
References
  • Ganesh, S. R., S. R. Chandramouli and P. Gowri Shankar 2012. Record lengths of two endemic caenophidian snakes from the Western Ghats Mountains, India. Hamadryad 36 (1): 44-46
  • Gower, D.J. & Winkler 2007. Taxonomy of The IndIan snake Xylophis Beddome (Serpentes: Caenophidia), with description of a new species. Hamadryad 31 (2): 315-329 - get paper here
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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