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Abronia deppii (WIEGMANN, 1828)

IUCN Red List - Abronia deppii - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Gerrhonotinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesS: Escorpión Arboricola de Deppe
E: Deppe’s Arboreal Alligator Lizard 
SynonymGerrhonotus deppii WIEGMANN 1828: 379
Abronia deppii — GRAY 1838: 389
Gerrhonotus Deppii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 398
Gerrhonotus Deppii — O’SHAUGHNESSY 1873: 45
Gerrhonotus deppii — GÜNTHER 1885: 35
Gerrhonotus deppii — BOULENGER 1885: 269
Abronia deppii — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 196
Gerrhonotus deppii — WERMUTH 1969: 17
Abronia deppei — LINER 1994
Abronia deppii — LINER 2007 
DistributionMexico (N Guerrero, Mexico, N Morelos)

Type locality: Mexico. Restricted to Omilteme, Guerrero, by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950, later restricted to Temascaltepec-Real de Arriba, in the State of Mexico, by SÁNCHEZ-HERRERA & LÓPEZ-FORMENT 1980.  
TypesLectotype: ZMB 1149 (see also GOOD et al. 1993) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Abronia can be distinguished from all other gerrhonotines(Coloptychon, Gerrhonotus, Barisia, Elgaria, and Mesaspis) in the combination of having: (1) the fifth row of temporal scales absent (except, probably anomalously,on one side of one specimen of A. salvadorensis) (present in all other genera); (2)large, well-clawed limbs (smaller limbs in all other genera); and (3) a reduced lateral fold (much better developed in all other genera),particularly between the anterior limb and ear (Campbell & Frost 1993: 98). 
CommentDistribution: Map in Bogert and Porter 1967: 16. Has been confused with what is now called Abronia martindelcampoi FLORES-VILLELA & SÁNCHEZ-HERRERA 2003 who also redescribed A. deppii. Hence not in the Sierra Madre del Sur, as reported by FLORES-VILLELA & SÁNCHEZ-HERRERA 2003.

Type species: Abronia deppii is the type species of the genus Abronia GRAY 1838. There is also a plant genus of the same name.

Species groups: Campbell and Frost 1993 erected several subgenera to accommodate species groups within Abronia. Gutiérrez-Rodríguez et al. 2020 defined and briefly diagnosed the species groups in the revised genus Abronia (after synonymization of Mesaspis with Abronia). Good & Schwenk present a table of diagnostic scale characters across the species of the deppii species group. 
EtymologyNamed after one of the collectors, Ferdinand Deppe.

The generic name apparently is derived from the Greek word abros meaning "delicate" perhaps in reference to the delicate nature of the tail (Lemos-Espinal & Dixon 2013). Note that there is also a plant genus “Abronia”. 
  • Augstenová, Barbora, Eleonora Pensabene, Lukáš Kratochvíl, and Michail Rovatsos. 2021. Cytogenetic Evidence for Sex Chromosomes and Karyotype Evolution in Anguimorphan Lizards. Cells 10, no. 7: 1612 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bogert, Charles M. & Porter, Ann P. 1967. A new species of Abronia (Sauria, Anguidae) from the Sierra Madre del Sur of Oaxaca, Mexico. American Museum Novitates (2279): 1-21 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Castro Franco, R. & M. G. Bustos-Zagal 2003. Lagartijas de Morelos, México: distribución, hábitat y conservación. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 88:123-142 - get paper here
  • Castro-Franco, Rubén, María Guasalupe Bustos-Zagal 1994. List of reptiles of Morelos, Mexico, and their distribution in relation to vegetation types. Southwestern Naturalist 39 (2): 171-175 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Flores-Villela, O. & Sánchez-H., O. 2003. A new species of Abronia (Squamata: Anguidae) from the Sierra Madre del Sur of Guerrero, Mexico, with comments on Abronia deppii. Herpetologica 59 (4): 524-531 - get paper here
  • Good D; Schwenk K 1985. A new species of Abronia (Lacertilia: Anguidae) from Oaxaca, Mexico. Copeia 1985 (1): 135-141 - get paper here
  • Good, D.A. 1988. Phylogenetic relationships among gerrhonotine lizards; an analysis of external morphology. Univ. California Publ. Zool. 121: 139 pp. - get paper here
  • Good, David A.; Bauer, Aaron M.;Günther, Rainer 1993. An Annotated Type Catalogue of the Anguimorph Lizards (Squamata: Anguidae, Helodermatidae, Varanidae, Xenosauridae) in the Zoological Museum, Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berl. 69 (1): 45-56 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1838. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Part 3. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 1: 388-394 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Jorge, Alejandro Zaldívar-Riverón, Israel Solano-Zavaleta, Jonathan A Campbell, Rubi N Meza-Lázaro, Oscar Flores-Villela, and Adrián Nieto-Montes de Oca. 2020. Phylogenomics of the Mesoamerican Alligator-Lizard Genera Abronia and Mesaspis (Anguidae: Gerrhonotinae) Reveals Multiple Independent Clades of Arboreal and Terrestrial Species. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 154: 106963 - get paper here
  • Langner, Christian 2014. Herpetologische Beobachtungen im Lebensraum von Abronia deppii im Valle de Bravo, Estado de México, Mexiko. Terraria-Elaphe 2014 (2): 46-55 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2020. A conservation checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of the State of Mexico, Mexico with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 953: 137-159 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR 2020. A conservation checklist of the herpetofauna of Morelos, with comparisons with adjoining states. ZooKeys 941: 121-144 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • O’Shaughnessy, A. W. E. 1873. Herpetological notes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 12: 44-48 - get paper here
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Sánchez-Herrera, O. & López-Forment, W. C. 1980. The lizard Abronia deppei (Sauria; Anguidae) in the state of Mexico, with the restriction of its type locality. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 16 (3): 83-87 - get paper here
  • Schmidt-Ballardo, Walter; IsraelSolano-Zavaleta, and Adam G. Clause 2015. Abronia deppii. Reproduction. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (2): 192-194 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Tihen, J. A. 1954. Gerrhonotine lizards recently added to the American Museum collection, with further revisions of the genus Abronia. American Museum Novitates (1687): 1-26 - get paper here
  • Wiegmann,A.F.A. 1828. Beyträge zur Amphibienkunde. Isis von Oken 21 (4): 364-383 - get paper here
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