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Abronia gaiophantasma CAMPBELL & FROST, 1993

IUCN Red List - Abronia gaiophantasma - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Gerrhonotinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Brilliant Arboreal Alligator Lizard 
SynonymAbronia (Auriculabronia) gaiophantasma CAMPBELL & FROST 1993
Abronia gaiophantasma — KÖHLER 2000
Abronia gaiophantasma — EISERMANN & ACEVEDO 2016 
DistributionNE Guatemala (elevation: 1600-2350 m)

Type locality: “cloud forest at 1600 m elevation on the west slope of Cerro Verde in the vicinity of La Unión Barrios, Baja Verapaz, Guatemala.” (approximately 15°11' N, 90° 12' W.)  
TypesHolotype: UTA R19646 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Campbell & Frost 1993: 20 
CommentSimilar species: Several specimens that have been identified as A. aurita are actually A. gaiophantasma. 
EtymologyThe specific name is a noun in apposition, derived from the Greek, gaio (earth)+ phantasma (spirit or phantom), in reference to the general overall coloration of this species and its similarity in hue to the reddish brown lateritic clays of the region the species inhabits clays that are becoming increasingly evident as theforests are felled concomitant with human encroachment. 
  • Campbell J A; Frost D R 1993. Anguid lizards of the genus Abronia: revisionary notes, descriptions of four new species, a phylogenetic analysis, and key. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 216: 1-121
  • Campbell, Jonathan A., Mahmood Sasa, Manuel Acevedo and Joseph R. Mendelson, III. 1998. A new species of Abronia (Squamata: Anguidae) from the High Cuchumatanes of Guatemala. Herpetologica 54 (2): 221-234. - get paper here
  • Eisermann, Knut, and Manuel Acevedo. 2016. A new locality for the Endangered Abronia gaiophantasma Campbell and Frost, 1993 (Squamata: Anguidae) in Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, with notes on morphology. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3(4): 1085–1089 - get paper here
  • Franzen,M. & Haft, J. 1999. Range Extension and Morphological Variation in Abronia gaiophantasma Campbell and Frost (Sauria: Anguidae). Carib. J. Sci. 35 (1-2): 151-153
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
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