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Acontias lineatus PETERS, 1879

IUCN Red List - Acontias lineatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Acontinae; Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Striped Dwarf Legless Skink, Lined Lance Skink 
SynonymAcontias lineatus PETERS 1879: 774
Acontias lineatus — WERNER 1910: 351
Acontias lineatus — HEWITT 1937: 46
Acontias lineatus orangensis HEWITT 1938: 47
Acontias lineatus — BAUER et al. 1995: 60
Acontias lineatus — DANIELS et al. 2005
Microacontias lineatus lineatus — DANIELS et al. 2006
Acontias lineatus — LAMB et al. 2010
Microacontias lineatus — PYRON & BURBRINK 2013
Acontias lineatus — BATES et al. 2014: 243 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (W/N Cape, into Little and Great Namaqualand), S Namibia

Type locality: “Hantam (Südafrika)” [= Northern Cape Province, South Africa].  
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 6714 (5 specimens)
Lectotype: PEM R4440 (formerly AMG 2210) [orangensis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (Characterization) of the (sub-) genus Microacontias: Small slender bodied, with a snout vent length (SVL) ranging from 119 mm to 148 mm, tail lattened below, transparent lower eyelid, the enlarged flat rostrum, four to five upper labials, midbody scale rows 12–14. Restricted to the Succulent and Nama Karoo biome along the South African west coast [from DANIELS et al. 2006]. 
CommentLimb morphology: Limbless.

Type species: A. lineatus is the type species of the genus Microacontias. However, Microacontias has been synonymized with Acontias by LAMB et al. 2010.

Synonymy: Acontias lineatus grayi BOULENGER 1887 is now treated as a valid species, A. grayi. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “linea”, meaning stripe or line. 
  • Bates, M.F. 1993. Geographical Distribution - Acontias lineatus lineatus. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (42): 41-41 - get paper here
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M., and Branch, W.R. 2003. The herpetofauna of the Richtersveld National Park, Northern Cape Province, Republic of South Africa. Herpetological Natural History 8: 111-160 [2001]
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • CONRADIE, WERNER; WILLIAM R. BRANCH, & GILLIAN WATSON 2019. Type specimens in the Port Elizabeth Museum, South Africa, including the historically important Albany Museum collection. Part 2: Reptiles (Squamata). Zootaxa 4576 (1): 001–045 - get paper here
  • Daniels, S. R., N. Heideman, M. Hendricks, and B. Willson. 2002. A molecular phylogeny for the South African limbless lizard taxa of the subfamily Acontinae (Sauria: Scincidae) with special emphasis on relationships within Acontias. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 24: 315-323 - get paper here
  • Daniels, S.R.; Neil J.L. Heideman, Martin G.J. Hendricks, Mphalile E. Mokone, Keith A. Crandall 2005. Unraveling evolutionary lineages in the limbless fossorial skink genus Acontias (Sauria: Scincidae): are subspecies equivalent systematic units? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34: 645–654 - get paper here
  • Daniels, Savel R.; Neil J. L. Heideman, Martin G. J. Hendricks, Keith A. Crandall 2006. Taxonomic subdivisions within the fossorial skink subfamily Acontinae (Squamata: Scincidae) reconsidered: a multilocus perspective. Zoologica Scripta 35 (4): 353 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Hewitt, J. 1937. Description of new forms of the genus Acontias. Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Africa 26: 39-48
  • Lamb, T.; Biswas, S. & Bauer, A.M. 2010. A phylogenetic reassessment of African fossorial skinks in the subfamily Acontinae (Squamata: Scincidae): evidence for parallelism and polyphyly. Zootaxa 2657: 33–46 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1879. Über neue Amphibien des Kgl. Zoologischen Museums (Euprepes, Acontias, Typhlops, Zamenis, Spilotes, Oedipus). Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1879(August): 773-779 [1880] - get paper here
  • Pyron, R. Alexander; Frank T. Burbrink 2013. Early origin of viviparity and multiple reversions to oviparity in squamate reptiles. Ecology Letters 17 (1): 13–21 (published online 2013, in print 2014), DOI: 10.1111/ele.12168 - get paper here
  • Werner,F. 1910. Reptilia et Amphibia. In Schultze, L., Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise im westlichen und zentralen Südafrika. Band IV, Systematik und Tiergeographie Vertebrata B. Denkschr. Med.-Nat. Wiss. GeselI. Jena 16: 279-370 [1910] - get paper here
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