Acontias litoralis BROADLEY & GREER, 1969
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Acontias litoralis?
|Higher Taxa||Scincidae, Acontinae; Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Coastal Dwarf Legless Skink|
|Synonym||Acontias litoralis BROADLEY & GREER 1969: 25|
Acontias lineatus BOULENGER 1905: 254 (part.)
Acontias litoralis — WHITING et al. 2003
Microacontias litoralis — DANIELS et al. 2006
Acontias litoralis — LAMB et al. 2010
|Distribution||Republic of South Africa (W Cape coastal strip from Daberas, south to Elandsbaai)|
Type locality: “5 miles east of Port Nolloth”
|Types||Holotype: DNMNH (= TM) 18002; paratypes: TM, UM|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. A small species belonging to the Acontias lineatus group, but distinguished from all races of A. lineatus by its low ventral count (145-160). It differs from A. I. lineatus and A. I. grayi, but agrees with A. I. tristis in having only four upper labials. It also differs from A. lineatus in colour pattern (Broadley & Greer 1969).|
Description. (Paratype variations in parentheses.) Head one and a half times as long as broad (length measured from tip of snout to posterior border of parietals); snout obtusely pointed, with a sharp horizontal edge extending well beyond end of lower jaw. Rostral very large, length sub-equal to that of prefrontal, frontal and interparietal together; a single supraocular, two (usually three) supraciliaries; two suboculars; four upper labials; mental large, its posterior border level with that of the rostral, bordered by three chin shields; three lower labials. Body slender, with a length/diameter ratio of 30 (21-27), covered with smooth, imbricate scales in 12 (usually 14) rows at midbody; ventrals 157 (146-157); tail flattened below, slightly tapered, with a pointed tip; subcaudals 37 (34-40). Top of head and labials largely yellow, sides of head dark brown, four median dorsal scale rows and superior halves of adjoining rows dark brown; ventrum yellow except for a broad dark brown subcaudal band (this colour pattern is also found in paratypes TM. 18000-1). Most paratypes are uniform yellow, except for dark pre-ocular stripes, which may meet on the snout (Broadley & Greer 1969).
|Comment||Limb morphology: Limbless.|
|Etymology||Named after the Latin noun litus, litoris, meaning "shore", referring to the habitat of the species.|
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