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Acontias litoralis BROADLEY & GREER, 1969

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Acontinae; Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Coastal Dwarf Legless Skink 
SynonymAcontias litoralis BROADLEY & GREER 1969: 25
Acontias lineatus BOULENGER 1905: 254 (part.)
Acontias litoralis — WHITING et al. 2003
Microacontias litoralis — DANIELS et al. 2006
Acontias litoralis — LAMB et al. 2010 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (W Cape coastal strip from Daberas, south to Elandsbaai)

Type locality: “5 miles east of Port Nolloth”  
TypesHolotype: DNMNH (= TM) 18002; paratypes: TM, UM 
CommentLimb morphology: Limbless. 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin noun litus, litoris, meaning "shore", referring to the habitat of the species. 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M., and Branch, W.R. 2003. The herpetofauna of the Richtersveld National Park, Northern Cape Province, Republic of South Africa. Herpetological Natural History 8: 111-160 [2001]
  • Broadley, D. G. and Greer, A. E. 1969. A revision of the genus Acontias Cuvier (Sauria: Scincidae). Arnoldia Rhodesia 4 (26): 1-29.
  • Daniels, Savel R.; Neil J. L. Heideman, Martin G. J. Hendricks, Keith A. Crandall 2006. Taxonomic subdivisions within the fossorial skink subfamily Acontinae (Squamata: Scincidae) reconsidered: a multilocus perspective. Zoologica Scripta 35 (4): 353
  • Heideman, N.J.L. et al. 2008. Sexual dimorphism in the African legless skink subfamily Acontiinae (Reptilia: Scincidae). African Zoology 43 (2): 192–201 - get paper here
  • Lamb, T.; Biswas, S. & Bauer, A.M. 2010. A phylogenetic reassessment of African fossorial skinks in the subfamily Acontinae (Squamata: Scincidae): evidence for parallelism and polyphyly. Zootaxa 2657: 33–46 - get paper here
  • MASHININI, L. 2010. Microacontias litoralis (Broadley & Greer, 1969) Maximum size. African Herp News (51): 15 - get paper here
  • MASHININI, P.L., HEIDEMAN, N.J.L., & MOUTON, P.L.N. 2011. On some ecological aspects of the coastal legless lizard Acontias litoralis (Scincidae: Acontinae). African Herp News (53): 16-21 - get paper here
  • Mashinini, Phomolo L., Neil J. L. Heideman and P. le Fras N. Mouton. 2008. Analysis of intraspecific colour variation in the fossorial Coastal Legless Lizard, Microacontias litoralis (Scincidae: Acontiinae). African Journal of Herpetology 57(2):115-122 - get paper here
  • Wagner, Philipp; Donald G. Broadley, and Aaron M. Bauer 2012. A New Acontine Skink from Zambia (Scincidae: Acontias Cuvier, 1817). Journal of Herpetology 46 (4): 494-502. - get paper here
  • Whiting, A.S.; Aaron M. Bauer and Jack W. Sites, Jr. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships and limb loss in sub-Saharan African scincine lizards (Squamata: Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29 (3): 582-598 - get paper here
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