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Acontias richardi (JACOBSEN, 1987)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Acontiinae (Acontidae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Richard’s Legless Skink 
SynonymTyphlosaurus lineatus richardi JACOBSEN 1987
Typhlosaurus lineatus richardi — KIRCHHOF et al. 2010
Acontias richardi — LAMB et al. 2010
Acontias richardi — ZHAO et al. 2023 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (Soutpansberg)

Type locality: In sandveld 4, 5 km north of Tshamavhudzi peak 22° 37’ S, 30° 31’ E, Republic of Venda, Southern Africa.  
Reproductionviviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: DNMNH (= TM) 59066, adult male; paratypes: TM 
CommentLimb morphology: Limbless. 
EtymologyNamed after “Richard E Newbery for his enthusiasm and assistance during the survey without which much less would have been accomplished.” 
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Bates, M. F. 1988. Geographical Distribution - Typhlosaurus lineatus lineatus. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (34): 50-50 - get paper here
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Brain, C.K. 1959. Notes on the Breeding of the South African Skink Typhlosaurus lineatus. Copeia 1959 (1): 70-71 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1968. A review of the African genus Typhlosaurus Wiegmann (Sauria: Scincidae). Arnoldia (Rhodesia) 3 (36): 1-20
  • Fitzsimons, V.F.M.; Brain, C.K. 1958. A Short account of the Reptiles of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park. Koedoe, 1(1): 99-104 - get paper here
  • Jacobsen, N.H.G. 1987. A new subspecies of Typhlosaurus lineatus Boulenger 1887 (Reptilia: Scincidae) from Venda, southern Africa. South African Journal of Zoology 22: 318–320 - get paper here
  • Lamb, T.; Biswas, S. & Bauer, A.M. 2010. A phylogenetic reassessment of African fossorial skinks in the subfamily Acontinae (Squamata: Scincidae): evidence for parallelism and polyphyly. Zootaxa 2657: 33–46 - get paper here
  • Zhao, Z., Conradie, W., Pietersen, D.W., Jordaan, A., Nicolau, G., Edwards, S., Riekert, S., Heideman, N. 2023. Diversification of the African legless skinks in the subfamily Acontinae (Family Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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