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Acrochordus javanicus HORNSTEDT, 1787

IUCN Red List - Acrochordus javanicus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAcrochordidae, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Javan File Snake, Elephant Trunk Snake
G: Java-Warzenschlange 
SynonymAcrochordus javanicus HORNSTEDT 1787: 307
Acrochordus javanicus — SHAW & NODDER 1793: plate 148
Acrochordus javensis (sic) — DAUDIN 1803
Acrochordus javanicus — KUHL 1824
Potamophis javanica — SCHMIDT 1852
Acrochordus Javanicus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 35
Acrochordus javanicus — BOULENGER 1893: 173
Acrochordus javanicus — SMITH 1943
Acrochordus javanicus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 297
Acrochordus javanicus — COX et al. 1998: 17
Acrochordus javanicus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 228
Acrochordus javanicus — NGUYEN et al. 2009
Acrochordus javanicus — COX et al. 2012: 71
Acrochordus javanicus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 7 
DistributionIndonesia (Borneo, Java, Kalimantan, Sumatra; exact range in eastern Indonesia unknown);
Cambodia; Malaysia (Malaya and East Malaysia);
Singapore (?); Thailand; Vietnam.

Type locality: Java  
TypesHolotype: lost, formerly NRM 7263, now lost fide Erik Åhlander, pers. comm., 2 Aug 2017) 
CommentHabitat: marine

Type species: Acrochordus javanicus HORNSTEDT 1787 is the type species of the genus Acrochordus HORNSTEDT 1787. 
EtymologyThe Genus-name Acrochordus comes from the Greek word ‘Ακρόχορδων (Acrochordon)’, which means ‘wart’, referring to the warty appearance of this snake. 
  • Augstenová, Barbora; Sofia Mazzoleni, Lukáš Kratochvíl Orcid and Michail Rovatsos 2017. Evolutionary Dynamics of the W Chromosome in Caenophidian Snakes. Genes 2018, 9(1), 5; doi:10.3390/genes9010005 - get paper here
  • Auliya, M. 2006. Taxonomy, Life History, and conservation of giant reptiles in west Kalimantan. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 432 pp. - get paper here
  • Bergman, R.A.M. 1941. Acrochordus javanicus Hornst. Treubia 18 (2): 207-211 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Cheong, W; 2019. Acrochordus javanicus (Javan Wart Snake) Hunting and feeding behavior. Herpetological Review 50 (3): 518 - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Hoover, M.F.; Chanhome, Lawan & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 2012. The Snakes of Thailand. Chulalongkorn University Museum of Natural History, 845 pp.
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel, G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • de Rooij, N. DE 1917. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Il. Ophidia. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 334 S. - get paper here
  • Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2003. Diversity of snakes (on the materials of the exposition of the Zoological Museum of the Moscow State University). Moscow: Moscow State University Press, 376 pp
  • Gower, D.; Garrett, K. & Stafford, P. 2012. Snakes. Firefly Books, Buffalo, NY,<br />144 p..
  • Hornstedt, C.F. 1787. Beskrifning på en ny Orm från Java [also cited as “Beschryving van een nieuwe slang van Java”] Kongl. Vetenskaps Academiens nya Handlingar VIII (also cited as “Abh. Akad. Stockholm 4”): 306-308 [plate XII on page 359 of the digital version] - get paper here
  • Lang, Ruud de 2017. The Snakes of Java, Bali and Surrounding Islands. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 435 pp. - get paper here
  • Longman, H. A. 1916. Snakes and lizards from Queensland and the Northern Territory. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 5: 46-51
  • Magnusson, W.E. 1979. Production of an Embryo by an Acrochordus javanicus Isolated for Seven Years Copeia 1979 (4): 744-745. - get paper here
  • Magnusson, William E. 1981. Literature: Production of an embryo by an Acrochordus javanicus isolated for seven years. Litteratura Serpentium 1 (6): 255 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Rovatsos M, Altmanová M, Johnson Pokorná M, Augstenová B, Kratochvíl L. 2017. Cytogenetics of the Javan file snake (Acrochordus javanicus) and the evolution of snake sex chromosomes. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 00:1–9 - get paper here
  • Sanders, Kate L.; Mumpuni, Amir Hamidy, Jason J. Head, David J. Gower 2010. Phylogeny and divergence times of filesnakes (Acrochordus): Inferences from morphology, fossils and three molecular loci. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (3): 857-867 - get paper here
  • Shaw, George & Nodder, Frederick P. (Eds.) 1794. The Naturalist's Miscellany [...], Vol. V. London, Nodder & Co., plates 147-182, 158 unnumbered pages [published in monthly issues between between August 1, 1793, and July 1, 1794] - get paper here
  • Shine, Richard; Harlow, Peter; Keogh, J. Scott;Boeadi 1995. Biology and commercial utilization of acrochordid snakes, with special reference to Karung (Acrochordus javanicus). Journal of Herpetology 29 (3): 352-360 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Stuebing, R.B., Inger, R.F. & Lardner, B. 2014. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo, second edition. Natural history Publications (Borneo)
  • Taylor,E.H. 1965. The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 45 (9): 609-1096 - get paper here
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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