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Acutotyphlops subocularis (WAITE, 1897)

IUCN Red List - Acutotyphlops subocularis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Bismarck sharp-nosed blindsnake 
SynonymTyphlops subocularis WAITE 1897
Typhlops subucularis WERNER 1921: 327 (error typographicus)
Typhlops subocularis — HEDIGER 1934
Typhlops keasti KINGHORN 1948
Ramphotyphlops keasti — ROBB 1966: 676
Typhlina subocularis — MCDOWELL 1974: 49
Acutotyphlops subocularis — WALLACH 1995
Ramphotyphlops subocularis — WALLACH 1995
Acutotyphlops subocularis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 55
Acutotyphlops subocularis — HEDGES et al. 2014
Acutotyphlops subocularis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 8 
DistributionBismarck Archipelago ((Duke of York, New Britain, New Ireland, Umboi), 0–1,065 m elevation).

Type locality: Duke of York Island, ENB. Province  
TypesHolotype: AMS 2202, presented by Rev. G. Brown. 
CommentDistribution: Range has been restricted due to exclusion of several species like Acutotyphlops solomonis.

Synonymy: The genera Martinwellstyphlops HOSER 2012 and Swileytyphlops HOSER 2012 have been rejected and synonymized with Acutotyphlops by KAISER et al. 2013. 
  • Clegg, Jonathan R. and Merlijn Jocque 2015. The Collection of Snakes Made by Benoît Mys and Jan Swerts in Northern Papua New Guinea in 1982–85. Journal of Herpetology 50 (3): 476-485 [2016] - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Hediger, H. 1934. Beitrag zur Herpetologie und Zoogeographie Neu-Britanniens und einiger umliegender Gebiete. Zool. Jahrb. (Syst.) 65: 441-582
  • Hoser, R.T. 2012. A review of the extant scolecophidians (“blindsnakes”) including the formal naming and diagnosis of new tribes, genera, subgenera, species and subspecies for divergent taxa. Australasian J. Herpetol. 15: 1–64. - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Kinghorn, J. R. 1948. A new species of Typhlops from New Britain. Rec. Austral. Mus. 22 (1) 67 - 69 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • McDowell, S. B. 1974. A catalogue of the snakes of New Guinea and the Solomons, with special reference to those in the Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Part l. Scolecophidia. Journal of Herpetology 8 (1): 1-57 - get paper here
  • O'Shea,M. 1996. A Guide to the Snakes of Papua New Guinea. Independent Publishing, Port Moresby, xii + 239 pp. - get paper here
  • Robb,J. 1966. The generic status of Australasian typhlopids (Reptilia: Squamata). Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (13) 9: 675-679 - get paper here
  • Waite, E. R. 1897. A new blind snake from the Duke of York Island. Rec. Austral. Mus. 3 (3): 69-70 - get paper here
  • Wallach, V. 1995. A new genus for the Rhamphotyphlops subocularis species group (Serpentes: Typhlopidae), with description of a new species. Asiatic Herpetological Research 6: 132-150. - get paper here
  • Wallach, V.; Brown, R.M.; Diesmos, A.C. & Gee, G.V.A. 2007. An Enigmatic New Species of Blind Snake from Luzon Island, Northern Philippines, with A Synopsis of The Genus Acutotyphlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Journal of Herpetology 41 (4): 690-702 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1921. Synopsis der Schlangenfamilie der Typhlopiden auf Grund des Boulenger'schen Schlangenkatalogs (1893-1896). Archiv für Naturgeschichte 87A: 266-330
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