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Adelphicos newmanorum TAYLOR, 1950

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Middle American Burrowing Snake
S: Zacatera Roja 
SynonymAdelphicos quadrivirgatum newmanorum TAYLOR 1950: 443
Adelphicos quadrivirgatum newmanorum — TERÁN-JUÁREZ et al 2016
Adelphicos quadrivirgatus newmanorum — HEIMES 2016: 204
Adelphicos newmanorum — LEMOS-ESPINAL et al. 2016
Adelphicos newmanorum — JOHNSON et al. 2017 
DistributionMexico (Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon)

Type locality: Xilitla, San Luis Potosi, Mexico.  
TypesHolotype: LSUM 204, male 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A species of average size for the genus having the third labial replaced on edge of lower lip by the enlarged first chin-shields (Taylor 1950: 443).

Coloration: no lateral stripes present on the body; venter immaculate white; subcaudal region with a slight median peppering of pigment; above brownish gray, the scales faintly outlined with heavier pigment (Taylor 1950: 443). 
EtymologyThe Greek word "adelphikos" is an adverb ("brotherly," Brown, 1956: 69), and the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1985, Art. 11g) requires that generic names be nouns or treated as nouns.
The specific epithet comes from the Latin words quadri- and virga, meaning "four stripes." Adelphicos is neuter, therefore quadrivirgatum is the correct epithet (LaDuc, 1995). 
  • Agha, M., Riley, M.K., Sanford, E., Carlton, J.T., Newman, W.A. & Todd, B.D. 2018. A review of epizoic barnacles reported from freshwater turtles with a new record from California. Herpetological Review 49 (1): 25-28. - get paper here
  • Davalos-Martinez, A., Najar-Sanchez, J. A. and Cruz-Saenz, D. 2020. A new record of the yellow-throated gartersnake, Thamnophis pulchrilatus (Cope, 1885)(Squamata: Natricidae) from the state of Jalisco, Mexico. Herpetology Notes 13: 75-76. - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Johnson, J. D., L. D. Wilson, V. Mata-Silva, E. García-Padilla, and D. L. DeSantis. 2017. The endemic herpetofauna of Mexico: organisms of global significance in severe peril. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 544–620 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Cruz A 2016. Amphibians and Reptiles of the state of Nuevo León, Mexico. ZooKeys 594: 123-141, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.594.8289 - get paper here
  • Martinez, N., Bauer, F., Espinola, V. and Motte, M. 2020. A new record of Drymarchon corais (Boie, 1827) for Paraguay. Herpetology Notes 13: 281-282. - get paper here
  • Nevárez-de-los-Reyes, Manuel, David Lazcano, Elí García-Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The Herpetofauna of Nuevo León, Mexico: Composition, Distribution, and Conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 558–638 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E. H. 1950. Second contribution to the herpetology of San Luis Potosi. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (11): 441-457 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Wood, P. L., Guo, X., Travers, S. L., Su, Y. C., Olson, K. V., Bauer, A. M., Grismer, L. L., Siler, C. D., Moyle, R. G., Andersen, M. J. and Brown, R. M. 2020. Parachute geckos free fall into synonymy: Gekko phylogeny, and a new subgeneric classification, inferred from thousands of ultraconserved elements. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 146: 106731 - get paper here
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