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Afroedura rupestris JACOBSEN, KUHN, JACKMAN & BAUER, 2014

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymAfroedura rupestris JACOBSEN, KUHN, JACKMAN & BAUER 2014
Afroedura multiporis ‘Abel Erasmus’ — JACOBSEN 1992
Afroedura multiporis ‘Abel Erasmus’ — JACOBSEN 1997 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (Limpopo)

Type locality: Farm Perkeo 223KT, 24°27'S, 30°35'E, Sekukhuneland District (2430BC), Limpopo Province, Republic of South Africa  
TypesHolotype: DNMNH (= TM) 81233, adult male, collector R.E. Newbery, 28 June 1982. Paratypes. DNMNH (= TM) 81224–81228, 81230–81232, 81234–81235, same data as holotype.
Additional material: DNMNH (= TM) 47504, 52120, 81229, Bourk’s Luck, Pilgrim’s Rest District, Limpopo Province, Republic of South Africa (2430DB). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A large Afroedura (to 62 mm SVL) differing from all other congeners by the following combination of characters: two pairs of enlarged subdigital lamellae per digit; tail faintly verticillate with three subcaudal rows and usually six supracaudal rows per verticil; dorsal scales bluntly keeled to trihedral; usually a single internasal scale; 20–24 precloacal pores in males.

Comparisons: Afroedura rupestris sp. nov. shares with A. haackei, A. multiporis, and A. major bluntly keeled to trihedral dorsal scales and although not sampled in our molecular phylogeny, presumably belongs to the same clade as these taxa (Jacobsen 1992a, 1997). It differs from these species in typically having 20–24 preclocal pores in males (versus 16–17 in A. multiporis, generally 25–28 in A. haackei, and 18–19 in A. major). It may further be differentiated from A. multiporis and A. major by its lower number of supracaudal scale rows per vertical (6 versus 7 and 8, respectively). It is significantly larger (max SVL 62 mm) than A. haackei (max SVL 52 mm), from which it also has a significantly higher number of supralabials (p < 0.05, t28 d.f.) and scales from eye to ear (p < 0.001, t25 d.f.), and smaller than A. major (max SVL 76 mm). 
EtymologyThe species name refers to the rupicolous nature of this (and most) members of the genus Afroedura. 
  • Jacobsen, N.H.G. 1992. Flat Geckos Genus Afroedura in the Transvaal. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (40): 22-25 - get paper here
  • Jacobsen, N.H.G. 1997. Family Gekkonidae, Genus Afroedura. In: Van Wyk, J.H. (Ed.), Proceedings of the FitzSimons Commemorative Symposium, South African Lizards: 50 years of Progress and Third H.A.A. Symposium on African Herpetology, Transvaal Museum, Pretoria, South Afric Herpetological Association of Africa, Stellenbosch, pp. 34–39.
  • JACOBSEN, NIELS H. G.; ARIANNA L. KUHN, TODD R. JACKMAN & AARON M. BAUER 2014. A phylogenetic analysis of the southern African gecko genus Afroedura Loveridge (Squamata: Gekkonidae), with the description of nine new species from Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces of South Africa. Zootaxa 3846 (4): 451–501 - get paper here
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