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Afrotyphlops fornasinii (BIANCONI, 1849)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Afrotyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Fornasini's Blind Snake 
SynonymTyphlops fornasini BIANCONI 1849: 107
Typhlops fornasinii BIANCONI 1850: 183
Onychocephalus trilobus PETERS 1854: 621
Onychocephalus mossambicus PETERS 1854
Onychocephalus tettensis PETERS 1860
Typhlops bianconii JAN, in JAN & SORDELLI 1860 (1860-1866)
Typhlops fornasinii — JAN 1864
Typhlops fornasinii — BOULENGER 1893: 38
Typhlops mossambicus — BOULENGER 1893: 41
Typhlops tettensis — BOULENGER 1893: 41
Typhlops fornasinii — LAURENT 1964
Typhlops mossambicus — FITZSIMONS 1966
Typhlops fornasinii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 102
Afrotyphlops fornasinii — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009
Afrotyphlops fornasinii — HEDGES et al. 2014
Afrotyphlops fornasinii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 15 
DistributionE Mozambique, Republic of South Africa (N Zululand), Zimbabwe

Type locality: “Mozambico” [= Mozambique]  
TypesHolotype: MBI
Syntypes: ZMB 3949 (2 specimens), 3950, MCZ 21007 [Onychocephalus mossambicus PETERS 1854]
Holotype: ZMB 3944 [Onychocephalus tettensis PETERS 1860]
Syntypes: ZMB 3915-6, MCZ 21006 [Onychocephalus trilobus PETERS 1854] 
DiagnosisDescription in BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009. 
CommentOn Comoro Islands [fide PETERS 1854, BAUER 1995] but questionable fide F. Glaw (pers. comm.). 
EtymologyNamed after Cavaliere Carlo Antonio Fornasini (b. 1805), an Italian collector who operated in the area around Inhambane, Mozambique, from 1839. 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bianconi, J. J. 1849. Lettera al Dottore Filippo de–Filippi, Professore di Zoologia a Torino sopra alcune nuove specie di rettili del Mozambico. Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat. Bologna (ser. 2) 10: 106-109 [1848] - get paper here
  • Bianconi, J. J. 1849. La sua memoria di turno che intitola Spicilegia Zoologica Mozambicana. Fasciculus III. [title does not match BHL page] Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat. Bologna (ser. 2) 10: 202-208. - get paper here
  • Bianconi, J. J. 1850. Specimina Zoologica Mosambicana I. Mem. Acad. Sci. Ist. Bologna 1: 171-186 + 2 plates - get paper here
  • Bianconi, J.J. 1847. Specimina Zoologica Mosambicana VII. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna : 183 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. & Blaylock 2013. The Snakes of Zimbabwe and Botswana. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 387 pp. [book review in Sauria 35 (2): 59 and Copeia 2014: 388] - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2009. A review of the eastern and southern African blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae), excluding Letheobia Cope, with the description of two new genera and a new species. Zootaxa 2255: 1-100 - get paper here
  • Fitzsimons, V. 1966. A check-list, with syntopic keys, to the snakes of southern Africa. Annals Transvaal Museum 25 (3): 35-79 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Jacobsen, Niels H.G.; Errol W. Pietersen & Darren W. Pietersen 2010. A preliminary herpetological survey of the Vilanculos Coastal Wildlife Sanctuary on the San Sebastian Peninsula, Vilankulo, Mozambique. Herpetology Notes 3: 181-193
  • Jan, G. 1860. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 1. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1864. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 5. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1964. A Revision of the punctatus Group of African Typhlops. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (6): 387-444 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1860. Über eine neue zu der Gattung Onychocephalus gehörige Wurmschlange, Onychocephalus macrurus, und Vergleich mit den bisher von dieser Gattung bekannt gewordenen Arten. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1860 (Februar): 77-83 - get paper here
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1854. Diagnosen neuer Batrachier, welche zusammen mit der früher (24. Juli und 17. August) gegebenen Übersicht der Schlangen und Eidechsen mitgetheilt werden. Ber. Bekanntmach. Geeignet. Verhandl. Königl.-Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1854: 614-628
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