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Afrotyphlops gierrai (MOCQUARD, 1897)

IUCN Red List - Afrotyphlops gierrai - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Afrotyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Usambara Spotted Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops gierrai MOCQUARD 1897: 122
Typhlops guirrae SCHMIDT 1923: 33 (error typographicus)
Typhlops punctatus gierrai — BARBOUR & LOVERIDGE 1928: 106
Typhlops gierrai — LAURENT 1964
Typhlops gierrai — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 103
Rhinotyphlops gierrai — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2000
Typhlops gierrae — SPAWLS et al. 2001
Rhinotyphlops gierrai — MENEGON et al. 2008
Afrotyphlops gierrai — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009
Afrotyphlops gierrai — HEDGES et al. 2014
Afrotyphlops gierrai — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 346
Afrotyphlops gierrai — WALLACH et al. 2014: 15 
DistributionTanzania (Usambara mountains, Ukaguru Mts., Uluguru Mountains).

Type locality: “Tanga, Tanzania”  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 1897.0024 
DiagnosisDescription in BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009. 
Comment 
EtymologyNamed after A. Gierra, collector of the holotype. Gierra was an expert on north and east African languages. He collected reptiles from Tanga (today’s Tanzania) for the Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. 
References
  • Barbour, T. & LOVERIDGE.A. 1928. A comparative study of the herpetological fauna of the Uluguru and Usambara mountains, Tanzania Territory with descriptions of new species. Mem. Mus. comp. Zool. Cambridge (Massachusetts), 50 (2): 85-265 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. & Van Wallach 2000. A new blind snake (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) from montane forests of the Eastern Arc Mountains in Tanzania. African Journal of Herpetology 49 (2): 165-168 - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2009. A review of the eastern and southern African blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae), excluding Letheobia Cope, with the description of two new genera and a new species. Zootaxa 2255: 1-100 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1964. A Revision of the punctatus Group of African Typhlops. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (6): 387-444 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Menegon, Michele; Nike Doggart, Nisha Owen 2008. The Nguru mountains of Tanzania, an outstanding hotspot of herpetofaunal diversity. Acta Herpetologica 3 (2): 107-127
  • Mocquard, M.F. 1897. Note sur quelques Reptiles de Tanga, don de M. Gierra. Bull. Mus. nation. Hist. nat., Paris, 3 (4): 122-123 - get paper here
  • Rasmussen,J.B. 1981. The snakes from the rainforest of the Usambara Mountains, Tanzania: a checklist and key. Salamandra 17 (3-4): 173-188 - get paper here
  • Rovero, F., Menegon, M., Fjeldså, J., Collett, L., Doggart, N., Leonard, C., Norton, G., Owen, N., Perkin, A., Spitale, D., Ahrends, A., Burgess, N. D. 2014. Targeted vertebrate surveys enhance the faunal importance and improve explanatory models within the Eastern Arc Mountains of Kenya and Tanzania. Diversity and Distributions. doi: 10.1111/ddi.12246 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1923. Contributions to the herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part II. Snakes, with field notes by Herbert Lang and James P. Chapin. Bull. Amer. Mus. nat. Hist. 49 (1): 1-146 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
 
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