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Afrotyphlops nanus BROADLEY & WALLACH, 2009

IUCN Red List - Afrotyphlops nanus - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Afrotyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Kenyan dwarf blind-snake 
SynonymAfrotyphlops nanus BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009
Afrotyphlops nanus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Afrotyphlops nanus — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 349
Afrotyphlops nanus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 16 
DistributionSE Kenya

Type locality: Samburu, Coast Province, southeastern Kenya (39°17’E, 3°47’S, elevation 295 m).  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1897.11.17.16, an adult male. Collected by C. Stuart Betton during construction of the Uganda Railway about 1896. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Superficially resembling Afrotyphlops angolensis, this small species differs externally in its oval rostral with pointed apex (round or sagittate with rounded or truncated apex in A. angolensis), low number of middorsals (287–291 vs 350–535 in East African A. angolensis) and light venter.
CommentAbundance: rare; known only from the holotype.

Description in BROADLEY & WALLACH 2009.

Distribution: note that the coordinates of the type locality are given erroneously as 39°17’E, 3°47’E, a locality that is somewhere in the south Atlantic. 
EtymologyNamed after the trivial name nanus (Latin = dwarf), indicating that this may be the smallest species in the genus. 
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2009. A review of the eastern and southern African blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae), excluding Letheobia Cope, with the description of two new genera and a new species. Zootaxa 2255: 1-100 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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