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Afrotyphlops obtusus (PETERS, 1865)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Afrotyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Southern gracile blind-snake, Slender Blind Snake 
SynonymTyphlops (Onychocephalus) obtusus PETERS 1865: 260
Typhlops obtusus — BOULENGER 1893: 38
Typhlops tettensis obtusus — LOVERIDGE 1953: 243
Typhlops obtusus LAURENT 1964
Typhlops obtusus obtusus — LAURENT 1968
Typhlops obtusus palgravei LAURENT 1968
Typhlops obtusus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 112
Letheobia obtusus — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007
Letheobia obtusa — PYRON & BURBRINK 2013
Letheobia obtusa — BROADLEY & BLAYLOCK 2013
Afrotyphlops obtusus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Letheobia obtusa — WALLACH et al. 2014: 381
Afrotyphlops obtusus — PYRON & WALLACH 2014 
DistributionS Malawi, N Mozambique, NE Zimbabwe

Type locality: “Thale des Shireflusses (Mocambique)”  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.11.31-32 (formerly BMNH
Holotype: UM 12764 (Umtali Museum) [palgravei] 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout rounded, prominent. Rostral very broad, truncated posteriorly; frontal subhexagonal; supraocular transverse, its lateral apex between preocular and ocular; eye spot, if visible (mainly in subadult specimens) below preocular; nasal suture arising from first labial; SIP II–P (N2, N2/P, O, O); MSR 22–26; reduction A/B 2 to 6, B/C 0 to 2; MD 406–507; vertebrae 251–271; MD/V ratio 1.63–1.80; L/D ratio 46–95. Dark brown to black above, each scale lighter basally, pale brown to white below. Subadults are lighter in colour. For abbreviations see L. caeca (from BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007). 
CommentHabitat. Coastal forest and miombo woodland. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. & Blaylock 2013. The Snakes of Zimbabwe and Botswana. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 387 pp. [book review in Sauria 35 (2): 59 and Copeia 2014: 388] - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2007. A review of East and Central African species of Letheobia Cope, revived from the synonymy of Rhinotyphlops Fitzinger, with descriptions of five new species (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Zootaxa 1515: 31–68 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1964. A Revision of the punctatus Group of African Typhlops. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (6): 387-444 - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1968. On some Typhlops from south-eastern Africa. Arnoldia, Bulawayo, 3 (31): 1-2
  • Loveridge, A. 1953. Zoological Results of a fifth expedition to East Africa. III. Reptiles from Nyasaland and Tete. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 110 (3): 142-322. - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1865. [Hr. W. Peters lieferte einen ferneren Nachtrag zu seiner Abhandlung über Typhlopina]. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1865 (Juni): 259-263 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081 - get paper here
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