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Agama gracilimembris CHABANAUD, 1918

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Benin Agama 
SynonymAgama gracilimembris CHABANAUD 1918: 106
Agama gracilimembris — WERMUTH 1967: 13
Agama gracilimembris — GRANDISON 1968: 85
Agama gracilimembris — BARTS & WILMS 2003
Agama gracilimembris — ULLENBRUCH et al. 2010
Agama gracilimembris — MEDIANNIKOV, TRAPE & TRAPE 2012: 131 
DistributionGhana, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, probably in Chad (L. Chirio, pers. comm.), Mali, Guinea (Conakry), Burkina Faso (MEDIANNIKOV et al. 2012), Republic of South Sudan (RSS), Sudan (Jumhūriyyat)

Type locality: Dahomey [= Benin]  
TypesSyntypes. MNHN-RA 1904.0114-0115, respectively male and female 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A dwarf Agama with females (SVL 48–57 mm) longer than males (SVL 40–47 mm). Body depressed, hind limbs long. No gular pouch in males or females, but a marked lateral fold is present. Tail one and a half times longer than SVL. In males, base of the tail with prominent hemipeneal bulge. Head convex. Upper head scales large, strongly keeled. Occipital scale enlarged, greatest width as large as the diameter of the ear opening. Nostril directed posteriorly, pierced in the posterior part of the nasal scale which is below the canthus rostralis. Usually with one scale between the nasal and the first supraciliary scale. Supraciliary scales smooth. Nuchal and dorsal crests absent. Ear opening as large as the eye, tympanum superficial and exposed. Tufts of long, spinose scales around the ear and the sides of the neck lacking. Single, short, conical scales close to the border of the ear opening are present. Body scales small, heterogeneous, keeled, and nonmucronate, in 70–85 scale rows around midbody. Enlarged body scales irregularly intermixed on the lateral regions of the body. Vertebral scales 30–46. Gular and ventral scales strongly keeled, ventrals about the same size as the dorsal scales. Hind limbs relatively long, reaching the tympanum. Lamellae 13–14 under fourth toe. Males with one row of 8–12 precloacal pores [from Grandison, 1968 and WAGNER & BAUER 2011]. 
CommentWermuth (1967) lists this species with a question mark indicating uncertain status.

Distribution: not confirmed from Chad. 
  • Barts, M. & Wilms, T. 2003. Die Agamen der Welt. Draco 4 (14): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Chabanaud,P. 1918. Étude complémentaire de deux Agama de l'Afrique occidentale et description de quatre espèces nouvelles de reptiles de la même région. Bull. Mus. nation. Hist. nat. Paris 24: 104-112 - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Gartshore, M.E. 1985. Agama gracilimembris in Nigeria. The Herpetological Journal 1 (1): 23-25 - get paper here
  • Grandison, A. G. C. 1968. Nigerian lizards of the genus Agama (Sauria: Agamidae). Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Zool.) 17: 65-90 - get paper here
  • Joger, U. 1990. The herpetofauna of the Central African Republic, with description of a new species of Rhinotyphlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). in: PETERS & HUTTERER: Vertebrates in the Tropics: 85-102 [1991]
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • Ullenbruch, K.; Grell, O.; Böhme, W. 2010. Reptiles from southern Benin, West Africa, with the description of a new Hemidactylus (Gekkonidae), and a country-wide checklist. Bonn Zool. Bull. 57 (1): 31-54 - get paper here
  • Wagner, P.; Barej, M.F. & Schmitz, A. 2009. Studies on African Agama VII. A new species of the Agama agama-group (Linnaeus, 1758) (Sauria: Agamidae) from Cameroon & Gabon, with comments on Agama mehelyi Tornier, 1902. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 56 (4): 285–297 - get paper here
  • Wagner, Philipp and Aaron Bauer 2011. A new dwarf Agama (Sauria: Agamidae) from Ethiopia. Breviora (527): 1-19 - get paper here
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