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Agamodon compressus MOCQUARD, 1888

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Higher TaxaTrogonophidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata
Common NamesE: Flat Worm Lizard 
SynonymAgamodon compressum MOCQUARD 1888: 121
Agamodon compressus — LANZA 1983
Agamodon compressus — GANS 2005: 42 
DistributionC/W Somalia

Type locality: ‘‘Comalis’’ = Somali Republic.  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 1884.0690 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A form of Agamodon with the lateral edges of the two azygous head shields sharply projecting and curved outward as spade-like processes. Rostral edges bent out laterally anterior to the recessed nostril, in two semicircular projecting points on each side. Edges of fused prefrontal-frontal bent dorsally into a diagonal semilunar projection above each eye. Postmental on a central pedestal, with free lateral and posterior projecting edges. Relatively faint keratinization of head shields. Body strongly compressed; segments of the dorsal and ventral surfaces rounded or imbricated by the diagonal overlap of the intersecting continuations of the lateral sections of the annuli. The tail is very markedly compressed and curves sharply ventrad to a point on the level of the ventral surface. Specimens have 147 to 157 annuli on the body, 22 to 24 posterior to the cloacal slit, and 44 to 52 segments to a midbody annulus. Precloacal pores 2 when present.

Color: pink in life, whitish in preservatives (from Gans & Pandit in Gans et al. 1965: 78). 
  • Boulenger, George Albert 1896. Report on Capt. Bottego's second collection of reptiles and batrachians from Somaliland. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova Serie 2, 17: 15-23, 1 plate - get paper here
  • Brygoo, E. R. 1990. Les types d'Amphisbaenidés, Pygopodidés, Xantusiidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle - Catalogue critique. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. 12 (ser. 4) A (3-4), suppl.: 3-18
  • Calabresi, E. 1915. Contributo alla conoscenza dei rettili della Somalia. Monitore Zoologico Italiano (supplemento), 28:234—247. - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1983. A list of the Somali amphibians and reptiles. MONITORE ZOOLOGICO ITALIANO, new Ser., SUPPL. 18 (8): 193-247 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988] - get paper here
  • Mocquard, F. 1888. Sur une collection de reptiles et de batraciens rapportés des pays comalis et de Zanzibar par M. G. Révoil. Mémoires Publies par la Société Philomathique a l’occasion du Centenaire de sa fondation 1788—1888, Paris, pp. 109—134.
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