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Ahaetulla mycterizans (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Ahaetulla mycterizans - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Ahaetuliinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Malayan (Green) Whipsnake
G: Malaiische Peitschennatter 
SynonymColuber mycterizans LINNAEUS 1758: 226
Coluber nasutus LACÉPÈDE 1789
Dryophis xanthozonia BOIE 1827 (fide SMITH 1943)
Tragops xanthozonius — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 826
Passerita mycterizans — GÜNTHER 1859: 231
Dryophis xanthozonia — BOULENGER 1896: 180 (fide SMITH 1943)
Ahaetulla mycterizans — LINK 1807
Dryophis xnathozona — BOULENGER 1896: 180 (emendation)
Dryophis mycterizans — EVANS 1905: 169
Dryophis mycterizans — WALL 1908: 783
Dryophis mycterizans — WALL 1921: 291
Passerita xanthozonia— SMITH 1930
Dryophis mycterizans — SMITH 1943: 376
Dryophis mycterizans — TWEEDIE 1950
Ahaetulla mycterizans — COX et al. 1998: 68
Ahaetulla mycterizans — COX et al. 2012: 89
Ahaetulla mycterizans — WALLACH et al. 2014: 20 
DistributionIndonesia (Java, Sumatra, Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara), Thailand, Laos ?, W Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar

Type locality: “America” (fide LINNAEUS 1758; in error)  
TypesHolotype: NRM 81 
DiagnosisDiagnosis and definition (Ahaetuliinae): Snakes of this subfamily are arboreal and are diagnosed by keeled ventral and subcaudal scales (laterally notched in some species), and enlarged posterior grooved fangs lacking in some Dendrelaphis. 
CommentSynonymy: Ahaetulla GRAY 1825 was proposed to be listed as a rejected and invalid name by Savage & Oliver 1957 as it is a junior homonym of Ahaetulla LINK 1807.

Mildly venomous but usually harmless for humans.

Distribution: Removed from the list of Pulau Tioman by ROOIJEN & ROOIJEN 2002

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after Greek “mucterizo” = I turn up the nose.

The genus names is derived from the Sri Lankan language Sinhala, ahaetulla/ahata gulla/as gulla, meaning “eye plucker” or “eye picker” for belief that they pluck out the eyes of humans as accounted by the Portuguese traveler João Ribeiro in 1685. The gender is feminine. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Hoover, M.F.; Chanhome, Lawan & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 2012. The Snakes of Thailand. Chulalongkorn University Museum of Natural History, 845 pp.
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • Deuve, J. 1961. Liste annotee des Serpents du Laos. Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Laos 1:5-32.
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Figueroa A, McKelvy AD, Grismer LL, Bell CD, Lailvaux SP 2016. A Species-Level Phylogeny of Extant Snakes with Description of a New Colubrid Subfamily and Genus. PLoS One 11 (9): e0161070.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0161070 - get paper here
  • FIGUEROA, ALEX; MARTYN E.Y. LOW, KELVIN K.P. LIM 2023. Singapore’s herpetofauna: updated and annotated checklist, history, conservation, and distribution. Zootaxa 5287 (1): 001–378 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1859. On the geographical distribution of reptiles. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 3: 221-237 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Hien,P. Grossmann,W. & Schäfer, C. 2001. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der landbewohnenden Reptilienfauna von Pulau Tioman, West-Malaysia. Sauria 23 (4): 11-28 - get paper here
  • Hnizdo, J. & P. Krug 1997. Drei Baumschnüfflerarten (Ahaetulla) - Haltung und Probleme. Sauria 19 (4): 3-12 - get paper here
  • Indahsari L I N et al 2019. DNA barcoding as a method for species identification: case study in Ahaetulla snake. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1374 012011 - get paper here
  • INDAHSARI, LILIN IKA NUR; FATCHIYAH FATCHIYAH, ERIC NELSON SMITH, NIA KURNIAWAN 2020. First record of Ahaetulla mycterizans (Linnaeus, 1758) (Serpentes: Colubridae) from the Lesser Sunda region, Indonesia, based on molecular and morphological identification. Turk J Zool 44: 11-21 - get paper here
  • KHOERUNISA, IRA; MIRZA D. KUSRINI, AND ANI MARDIASTUTI 2021. Diversity of snake rescued from residential areas in Greater Jakarta metropolitan area, Indonesia. Media Konservasi 26 (3): 231-238; DOI: 10.29244/medkon.26.3.231-238 - get paper here
  • Kinloch, A. M. 1919. The Habits of Dryophis mycterizans. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 26: 681 - get paper here
  • LAM, N. Q., THU, T. T. A., NGUYEN, L. T., MURPHY, R. W., & NGUYEN, S. N. 2021. A new species of Ahaetulla Link, 1807 (Squamata: Colubridae) from the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Zootaxa 4966 (3): 290-304 - get paper here
  • Lang, Ruud de 2017. The Snakes of Java, Bali and Surrounding Islands. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 435 pp. - get paper here
  • Lee, J.L. [...] Zug, George R 2015. Three Colubrid Snakes New to Myanmar. Herpetology Notes 8: 217-220 - get paper here
  • Link, H.F. 1807. Beschreibung der Naturalien-Sammlung der Universität zu Rostock, zweite Abtheilung. Adlers Erben, Rostock, pp. 51-100 - get paper here
  • Linnaeus, C. [= Linné, C. von] 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Mallik AK, Achyuthan NS, Ganesh SR, Pal SP, Vijayakumar SP, Shanker K 2019. Discovery of a deeply divergent new lineage of vine snake (Colubridae: Ahaetuliinae: Proahaetulla gen. nov. ) from the southern Western Ghats of Peninsular India with a revised key for Ahaetuliinae. PLoS ONE 14 (7): e0218851 - get paper here
  • MEGANTARA, E. N., JAUHAN, J., SHANIDA, S. S., HUSODO, T., FAUZI, D. A., HENDRAWAN, R., WULANDARI, I. & YUANSAH, Y. 2022. Herpetofauna distribution in different land cover types of West Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 23(6) - get paper here
  • MIDTGAARD, R.: 2011. Erster fotografischer Nachweis mit Fundortdaten der seltenen Schlange Ahaetulla mycterizans (LINNAEUS, 1758) aus Singapur. Sauria 33 (3): 59-60 - get paper here
  • Miralles A, David P 2010. First record of Ahaetulla mycterizans (Linnaeus, 1758) from Sumatra, Indonesia (Squamata, Colubridae), with an expanded definition of this poorly known species. Zoosystema, 32(3): 449-456 - get paper here
  • Nabhitabhata, J., T. Chan-ard and Y. Chuaynkern 2000. Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles in Thailand. Office of Environmental Policy and Planning, Bankok. 152pp.
  • Primrose, A.M. 1903. Food of Dryophis mycterizans. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 15: 347-348 - get paper here
  • Rooijen, J. van & van Rooijen, M. 2002. Einige Ergänzungen, Berichtigungen und neue Beobachtungen zur Herpetofauna von Pulau Tioman, West-Malaysia. Sauria 24 (3): 3-12 [erratum in 24 (4): 34] - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1930. The Reptilia and Amphibia of the Malay Peninsula fromt he Isthmus of Kra to Singapore, including the adjacent Islands. A Supplement to G.A. Boulenger’s Reptilia and Batrachia 1912. Bull. Raffles Mus. No. 3: 1-149
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
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  • Syafiq MF, Badli-Sham BH, Grismer LL, Ahmad AB 2023. Uneven species occurrence and richness of lowland snakes (Serpentes, Squamata) in Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia, with new locality records. ZooKeys 1168: 11–39
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  • Wall,F. 1919. The habits of the Green Whipsnake Dryophis mycterizans. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 26: 862-863 - get paper here
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