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Alligator mississippiensis (DAUDIN, 1801)

IUCN Red List - Alligator mississippiensis - Least Concern, LR

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Higher TaxaAlligatoridae, Crocodylia, crocodiles (alligators)
Common NamesE: Alligator, Gator, American alligator, Florida alligator, Mississippi alligator, Louisiana alligator.
G: Mississippi-Alligator
S: Aligator Americano 
SynonymCrocodilus mississipiensis DAUDIN 1801
Crocodilus lucius CUVIER 1807: 28
Crocodilus cuvieri LEACH 1815: 117
Crocodilus lucius — CUVIER 1831: 106
Alligator lucius — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 75
Alligator mississippiensis — HOLBROOK 1842: 53
Alligator lucius — CLARKE 1888
Alligator lucius — MITCHELL 1895
Alligator mississippiensis — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 39 
DistributionSE USA (Alabama, Arkansas, North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Texas), Mexico

Type locality: "les bords du Mississipi," U.S.A.  
ReproductionOne of the many reptile species which have temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD, see Valenzuela & Lance 2004 for details). 
TypesHolotype: unlocated, not in MNHN, as given by Guibé (personal reply in Hemming 1956) 
CommentHolbrook (1842) emended Daudin's `mississipiensis' to the present spelling, and that emendation was declared valid by the Intl. Comm. Zool. Nomen., see Hemming 1958, Opin. Declar. Rendered Intl. Comm. Zool. Nomen. 1F(F.8):87-126 (after King & Burke 1989).

Genetics: This is one of 6 reptile species whose genome is currently being sequenced by the Genome10K project.

Type species: Crocodilus lucius CUVIER 1807 is the type species of the genus Alligator CUVIER 1807. Alligator is the type species of the family Alligatoridae Gray 1844:195. 
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