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Alsophylax pipiens (PALLAS, 1827)

IUCN Red List - Alsophylax pipiens - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Kaspischer Even-fingered Gecko
G: Kaspischer Geradfinger
Russian: Пискливый геккончик
Chinese: 隐耳漠虎 
SynonymLacerta pipiens PALLAS 1827: 27
Alsophylax pipiens — BOULENGER 1885: 19
Alsophylax microtis BOULENGER 1885
Alsophylax pipiens — ANNANDALE 1905
Alsophylax (Alsophylax) pipiens — RÖSLER 2000: 59
Alsophylax pipiens — BAUER et al. 2013 
DistributionS Mongolia (Gobi Desert),
former USSR between Wolga and Ural, Kazakhstan (Caspian Sea to Lake Zaysan) south to Uzbekistan, N Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, NW China, NE Iran ?, S Russia (Astrakhan Oblast)

Type locality: Berg Bogda  
TypesSyntype: MCZ R-7128 
DiagnosisDefinition (genus): Alsophylax species range from about 30–41 mm in maximum SVL. They are of moderate build, with a fairly neat appearance. As in all gekkonids, eyelids do not function. Alsophylax species are tan to gray in color, sometimes with darker cross-bands or other markings. Alsophylax can be distinguished from other geckos by the following combination of characteristics: hyoid without second ceratobranchial cartilages; 14 scleral ossicles; stapedial foramen present; frontal single; parietals paired; nasals paired; cloacal bones present; phalangeal formula 2-3-4-5-3/2-3-4-5-4 (manus/pes); paraphalangeal elements absent; eye with vertical pupil with notched margins; digits free, not expanded, with no fringe of lateral scales; non-expanded subdigital lamellae are smooth; digits not kinked at joints; claws present; dorsal scalation consists of small granules with or without keeled or unkeeled tubercles; head with distinctly large nasals; preanal pores present; tail moderate, thick, tapering, cylindrical, unsegmented; females lay two hard-shelled eggs (Kluge 1967, Szczerbak and Gulubev 1996). 
CommentDate of publication: ZHAO & ADLER 1993 discuss the date of publication of Pallas’ work, which is cited with dates ranging from 1811-1831.

Synonymy: Not listed as separate species by ANDERSON 1999, Lizards of Iran who says “Terentjev and Chernov (1949: 131) included northeastern Iran within the distribution of Alsophylax pipiens (which in their view included A. microtus and A. laevis), but I find no documented records for Iran.”

Distribution: Not in Afghanistan fide Wagner et al. 2017.

Type species: Lacerta pipiens PALLAS 1827 is the type species of the genus Alsophylax FITZINGER 1843: 90. 
  • Annandale, Nelson 1905. Contributions to Oriental Herpetology. Suppl. II. Notes on the Oriental lizards in the Indian Museum, with a list of the species recorded from British India and Ceylon. J. Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal (2) 1: 81-93 - get paper here
  • Bakiev, A., Kirillov, A., Kirillova, N., Ruchin, A., Klenina, A., Gorelov, R., & Kostina, N. 2020. Reptile occurrences data in the Volga River basin (Russia). Biodiversity Data Journal, 8: e58033 - get paper here
  • BAUER, AARON M.; RAFAQAT MASROOR, JAMES TITUS-MCQUILLAN, MATTHEW P. HEINICKE,, JUAN D. DAZA & TODD R. JACKMAN 2013. A preliminary phylogeny of the Palearctic naked-toed geckos (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) with taxonomic implications. Zootaxa 3599 (4): 301–324 - get paper here
  • Bondarenko, D.A. & Evgeny A. Peregontsev 2009. Peculiarities of landscape distribution of the Central Asian Tortoise, Agrionemys horsfieldii, in Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 48: 49–62 - get paper here
  • Borkin, L.J. 2022. EARLY STUDIES ON THE HERPETOFAUNA OF<br />KAZAKHSTAN (XVIII CENTURY) [in russian] Almaty: Institute of Zoology of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 2022. - 156 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Brushko, Z.K. 1995. Lizards of desert regions of Kazakhstan. [in Russian] Kazakhstan National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Zoology, Almaty, 232 pp.
  • Clark, R. J., Clark, E. D., Anderson, S. C. and Leviton, A. E. 1969. Report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Afghanistan. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (ser. 4) 36: 279-316. - get paper here
  • Davletbakov, A. T.; L. A. Kustareva, D. A. Milko, A. N. Ostastshenko, S. S. Sagymbaev, S. A. Toropov, N. V. Trotchenko 2015. Genetical Fund Cadastre of Kyrgyz Republic. Vol. IV. Phylum Chordata (chordates). Bishkek, 128 p. + XXXVI color tables - get paper here
  • Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles of Russia. Atlas and determination. 2nd. ed. Moscow: Phyton XXI, 328 p
  • Lambert, M.R.K. 2002. Preliminary observations on herpetofaunal diversity in the Almaty region, Southern Kazakhstan (September 1998). Herpetological Bulletin (79): 7-13 - get paper here
  • Pallas, P. S. 1814. Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium in extenso Imperio Rossico , et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones, anatomen atque icones plurimorum. Vol. 3. Caesarea Academie Scientiarum; Petropoli. vii + 428 + cxxv pages. [1811-1831] - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 1997. Paläarktische Geckos (Reptilia: Gekkota) Teil I: Historischer Überblick, Geographie und Klima, Verbreitung. Sauria 19 (1): 17-28 - get paper here
  • Scerbak, N.N. [= Szczerbak] 1981. Alsophylax pipiens - Kaspischer Geradfingergecko. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band I., Echsen I. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, Wiesbaden, pp. 37-43
  • Seufer, H. 1979. Der Kaspische Geradfinger-Gecko (Alsophylax pipiens) PALLAS. Herpetofauna 1 (1): 10-15 - get paper here
  • Shcherbak, N. N. [= Szczerbak], and M. L. Golubev 1996. Gecko fauna of the USSR and contiguous regions. SSAR [Russian original published in 1986]. [book review in Salamandra 36 (2): 138]
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
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