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Altiphylax stoliczkai (STEINDACHNER, 1867)

IUCN Red List - Altiphylax stoliczkai - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Frontier Bow-fingered Gecko, Baltistan gecko
E: Böhme’s Mountain Gecko, Karakorum gecko [boehmei]
Chinese: 宽斑隆趾虎 
SynonymGymnodactylus stoliczkai STEINDACHNER 1867: 15
Gymnodactylus stoliczkae — STEINDACHNER 1867 (nom. subst.)
Cyrtodactylus yarkandensis ANDERSON 1872 (fide SMITH 1935)
Gymnodactylus stoliczkae — BOULENGER 1885: 31
Gymnodactylus stoliczkai — SMITH 1935: 57
Cyrtodactylus stoliczkai — UNDERWOOD 1954: 475
Gymnodactylus (Cyrtodactylus) stoliczkai — WERMUTH 1965: 67
Tenuidactylus stoliczkai — SZCZERBAK & GOLUBEV 1984: 55
Cyrtodactylus toliczkai — MURTHY 1990: 8
Gonydactylus stoliczkai — KLUGE 1991: 13
Alsophylax boehmei SZCZERBAK 1991
Alsophylax boehmei — KLUGE 1993
Cyrtodactylus stoliczkai — KLUGE 1993
Cyrtodactylus stoliczkai — RÖSLER 1995: 111
Tenuidactylus yarkandensis — DAS et al. 1998
Gymnodactylus stoliczkai — KHAN & RÖSLER 2000
Mesiodactylus stoliczkai — KHAN 2000
Cyrtopodion stoliczkai — RÖSLER 2000: 75
Alsophylax (Altiphylax) boehmei — RÖSLER 2000: 59
Mesodactylys boehmei — KHAN 2003
Mesodactylus yarkandensis — KHAN 2003
Altigekko yarkandensis — KHAN 2003
Altigekko boehmei — KHAN 2003
Altigekko stoliczkai — KHAN 2003
Altigekko stoliczkai — KHAN 2005
Altigekko stoliczkai — KRYSKO et al. 2007
Altiphylax stoliczkai — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Altiphylax yarkandensis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Cyrtopodion stoliczkai — AUFFENBERG et al. 2010
Altiphylax stoliczkai — BAUER et al. 2013
Altiphylax yarkandensis — BAUER et al. 2013
Altiphylax stoliczkai — DAS et al. 2017
Cyrtodactylus Stoliczkai — SAHI & KOUL 2020 
DistributionIndia (Jammu and Kashmir, Karoo/Dras, Ladakh), W China

Type locality: “bei Karoo, nördlich von Dras, Kashmir.”

boehmei: NE Pakistan (Ladakh Skardu), India; Type locality: Skardu/Karakorum, Ladak, NE Pakistan.

yarkandensis: Pakistan; Type locality: Yarkand, eastern Turkestan on the northern edge of the Takla Makan desert, China (38° 40’ N, 77° 50’ E)  
TypesHolotype: NMW 16756 (w.)
Holotype: ZFMK 38773 [boehmei]
Syntypes: ZSI 3792 [yarkandensis]] 
DiagnosisNote that the “diagnoses” for C. (Altigekko) stoliczkai and Tenuidactylus (Altigekko) baturensis in KHAN (2006) are essentially identical; KHAN also does not give a proper diagnosis for Altigekko (with comparisons to other genera), so we do not recognize this genus for the time being.

Cyrtopodion stoliczkai was confirmed to be a distinct species restricted to extreme northeastern Pakistan and adjacent Ladakh region (Auffenberg et al. 2004), and is immediately separable from C. walli by a number of characters, i.e. character 8 = number of scales between the postmentals and cloaca, character 11 = number of whorls on anterior one-third of tail, character 22 = scales on top of head [AUFFENBERG et al. 2010]. 
CommentDistribution: Not in Pakistan (KHAN & RÖSLER 1999; KHAN, pers. comm.). But Mesodactylus yarkandensis occurs in Pakistan (KHAN 2003).

Synonymy: Gymnodactylus walli has been considered as a synonym of C. stoliczkai. Cyrtodactylus yarkandensis ANDERSON 1872 (fide SMITH 1935) has been removed from the synonymy of A. stoliczkai and then resynonymized by DAS et al. 2017. Recent authors consider Alsophylax boehmei as a member of the Cyrtodactylus stoliczkai complex (see also SZCZERBAK & GOLUBEV, 1996) or identical to Cyrtopodion scabrum (KHAN, GOLUBEV, pers. comm.). AUFFENBERG et al. (2004) synonymized A. boehmei with Cyrtodactylus (Cyrtopodion) stoliczkai. 
EtymologyNamed after Wolfgang Böhme, German herpetologist. 
  • Agarwal, I., Bauer, A.M., Jackman, T.R. & Karanth, P. 2014. Cryptic species and Miocene diversification of Palaearctic naked-toed geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae) in the Indian dry zone. Zoologica Scripta DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12062 - get paper here
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  • Auffenberg, Kurt, Kenneth L. Krysko and Walter Auffenberg 2004. Studies on Pakistan Lizards: Cyrtopodion stoliczkai (Steindachner, 1867) (Gekkonidae: Gekkoninae). Asiatic Herpetological Research 10: 151-160 - get paper here
  • AUFFENBERG, KURT; KENNETH L. KRYSKO & HAFIZUR REHMAN 2010. Studies on Pakistan Lizards: Cyrtopodion baturense (Khan and Baig 1992) and Cyrtopodion walli (Ingoldby 1922) (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2636: 1–20 - get paper here
  • BAUER, AARON M.; RAFAQAT MASROOR, JAMES TITUS-MCQUILLAN, MATTHEW P. HEINICKE,, JUAN D. DAZA & TODD R. JACKMAN 2013. A preliminary phylogeny of the Palearctic naked-toed geckos (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) with taxonomic implications. Zootaxa 3599 (4): 301–324 - get paper here
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  • FICETOLA, Gentile Francesco; Angelica CROTTINI,, Maurizio CASIRAGHI and Emilio PADOA-SCHIOPPA 2010. New data on amphibians and reptiles of the Northern Areas of Pakistan: distribution, genetic variability and conservation issues. North-Western Journal of Zoology 6 (1): 1-12
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