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Amerotyphlops trinitatus (RICHMOND, 1965)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Trinidad Blindsnake, Trinidad Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops trinitatus RICHMOND 1965
Typhlops trinitatus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 123
Typhlops trinitatus — BOOS 2001
Amerotyphlops trinitatus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops trinitatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 773 
Type locality: “Arima Road, 3 miles above Simla,Trinidad”  
TypesHolotype: AMNH 89820. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A n attenuate and diminutive species with a depressed snout and invariably 20 rows of scales about the body; nasal cleft complete, dorsals from rostral to tail spine 388-389 (in two known specimens), subcaudals 10; color pattern of 11 brown to dark brown lines on a yellow ground color, pattern sharply bicolored, yellow below, snout and tail spine bright yellow (DIXON & HENDRICKS 1979: 29). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Boos, H.E.A. 2001. The snakes of Trinidad and Tobago. Texas A&M University Press, 270 pp.
  • Dixon J R; Hendricks F S 1979. The wormsnakes (family Typhlopidae) of the neotropics, exclusive of the Antilles. Zoologische Verhandelingen (173): 1-39 - get paper here
  • Graboski R, Arredondo JC, Grazziotin FG, et al. 2018. Molecular phylogeny and hemipenial diversity of South American species of Amerotyphlops (Typhlopidae, Scolecophidia). Zoologica Scripta 48: 139– 156 - get paper here
  • Hedges SB, Powell R, Henderson RW, Hanson S, and Murphy JC 2019. Definition of the Caribbean Islands biogeographic region, with checklist and recommendations for standardized common names of amphibians and reptiles. Caribbean Herpetology 67: 1–53
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Richmond 1965. A new species of blind snake, Typhlops, from Trinidad. Proc. biol. Soc. Washington, 78: 121-124 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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