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Amphibolurus muricatus (WHITE, 1790)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Jacky Lashtail, Jacky Lizard, Jacky Dragon 
SynonymLacerta muricata WHITE 1790
Grammatophora muricata — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 475
Agama muricata — DAUDIN 1802: 391
Agama jacksoniensis CLOQUET 1816 (part.)
Agama jacksoniensis — CUVIER 1829: plate 7
Lacerta muricata — CUVIER 1831: 123
Amphibolurus muricatus — WIEGMANN 1834: 17
Agama jaksoniensis — GUÉRIN-MÉNEVILLE 1838 (invalid emendation)
Petroplanis jacksoniensis — FITZINGER 1843: 83 (? nomen nudum)
Polylophus jacksoniensis — FITZINGER 1843: 83 (? nomen nudum)
Amphibolurus muricatus — BOULENGER 1885: 390
Amphibolurus muricatus — COGGER 1983
Amphibolurus muricatus — MACEY et al. 2000
Amphibolurus muricatus — COGGER 2000: 301
Amphibolurus muricatus — MELVILLE et al. 2011
Amphibolurus muricatus — MELVILLE et al. 2018 
DistributionE Australia, Tasmania
Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria)

Type locality: Collarenebri, New South Wales  
ReproductionThis species displays temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD). 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.9.4.44, (formerly xxiv.46a), New South Wales, collected J. White.
Lectotype: RMNH 3117, paralectotype: NMW [Agama jacksoniensis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): A genus consisting of large agamid lizards in the subfamily Amphibolurinae with exposed tympanum, long robust limbs and a long tail. Gular scales smooth to weakly keeled, ventral scales smooth to strongly keeled. Head wide and deep in comparison with length. Heterogenous body scales, dorsal surface scattered with many spinose scales. Well-developed spinose nuchal and vertebral crest. Two broad pale dorsolateral stripes running from ear or neck to the hip, discontinuous with pale lip scales. Dorsolateral stripes intersected by multiple wedges of brown or grey along their length (MELVILLE et al. 2018: 47). 
CommentType species: Lacerta muricata WHITE 1790 is the type species of the genus Amphibolurus WAGLER 1830: 145. Lacerta muricata WHITE 1790 is also the type species of the genus Gemmatophora KAUP 1827 (fide Melville et al. 2018: 47).
The genus Amphibolurus WAGLER 1830 is the type genus of the subfamily Amphibolurinae WAGLER 1830.

Ecology: for a comparative phylogenetic analysis of ecological adaptations in Amphibolurus and other Australian agamids see Tallowin et al. 2019. 
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  • Bian, X., Pinilla, A., Chandler, T., & Peters, R. 2021. Simulations with Australian dragon lizards suggest movement-based signal effectiveness is dependent on display structure and environmental conditions. Scientific Reports, 11(1): 1-11 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Chapple, David G.; Reid Tingley, Nicola J. Mitchell, Stewart L. Macdonald, J. Scott Keogh, Glenn M. Shea, Philip Bowles, Neil A. Cox, John C. Z. Woinarski 2019. The Action Plan for Australian Lizards and Snakes 2017. CSIRO, 663 pp. DOI: 10.1071/9781486309474 - get paper here
  • Cloquet, H. 1816. Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelle, dans lequel on Traité Méthodiquement des Differens Etres de la Nature. G.L.C.F.D. Cuvier (ed.) Paris, Strasbourg
  • Cogger H.G., Cameron EE & Cogger HM 1983. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Volume 1: AMPHIBIA AND REPTILIA. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Crews, D. & Bull, J.J. 2008. Some like it hot (and some don’t). Nature 451: 527-528 - get paper here
  • Cuvier, G. 1831. The Animal Kingdom arranged in conformity with its organization, by the Baron Cuvier, ... with additional descriptions of all the species hitherto named, and of many not before noticed, by Edward Griffith... and others. Vol. 9. Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London, 481 pp. - get paper here
  • Daudin, F. M. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, génerale et particulièredes reptiles, ouvrage faisant suite, a l'histoiure naturelle, générale et particulière composée par LECLERC DE BUFFON, et redigée par C. S. SONNINI, vol. 3. F. Dufart, Paris, 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
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  • Glauert, L. 1959. Herpetological Miscellanea. XI. Dragon Lizards of the Genus Amphibolurus. Western Australian Naturalist 7 (2): 42-51 - get paper here
  • Guérin-Méneville, F. E. 1829. Iconographie du Régne Animal de G. Cuvier, ou répresentation d'aprés Nature de l'une des Espèces les plus remarquables, et souvent non encore figurés de chaque Genre d'Animaux. Avec un text descriptif [...]. Paris & London, [Vol.] 1, Plates i-xxx, [Vol.] 3, i-xvi + 1-576. (Note: reptile plates are numbered separately from other taxa.) - get paper here
  • Hall, Joshua M. and Daniel A. Warner 2017. Winter Microhabitat Selection and Growth of Jacky Dragons (Amphibolurus muricatus). Copeia Nov 2017, Vol. 105, No. 4: 618-625. - get paper here
  • Heatwole, H. & B.T. Firth 1982. Voluntary maximum temperature of the Jackie lizard, Amphibolurus muricatus Copeia 1982 (4): 824-829. - get paper here
  • Hutchinson, M.N. 1979. The reptiles of Kinglake National Park. Victorian Naturalist 96: 124-134 - get paper here
  • Kay, G.M.; D. Michael; M. Crane; S. Okada; C. MacGregor; D. Florance; D. Trengove; L. McBurney; D. Blair; D.B. Lindenmayer. 2013. A list of reptiles and amphibians from Box Gum Grassy Woodlands in south-eastern Australia. Check List 9 (3):476-481 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Melville, J.; E.G. Ritchie; S.N.J. Chapple, R.E. Glor, J.A. Schulte II 2011. Evolutionary origins and diversification of dragon lizards in Australia’s tropical savannas. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 58: 257–270 - get paper here
  • MELVILLE, JANE; EUAN G. RITCHIE, STEPHANIE N.J. CHAPPLE, RICHARD E. GLOR AND JAMES A. SCHULTE 2018. Diversity in Australia’s tropical savannas: An integrative taxonomic revision of agamid lizards from the genera Amphibolurus and Lophognathus (Lacertilia: Agamidae). Memoirs of Museum Victoria 77: 41–61 - get paper here
  • Michael, D.R.; D.B. Lindenmayer; M. Crane; C. MacGregor; R. Montague-Drake; L. McBurney. 2011. Reptilia, Murray catchment, New South Wales, southeastern Australia. Check List 7 (1):25-29 - get paper here
  • Murphy, Michael J. 1994. Reptiles and amphibians of Seven Mile Beach National park, NSW. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 24 (2): 24-30
  • Schwanz, L. E., Hodgson, M. J. and May, A. 2018. Costs of thermoregulation in variable thermal environments in the jacky dragon (Amphibolurus muricatus). J Zool, 305: 267-273. doi:10.1111/jzo.12559 - get paper here
  • Steele, A. L., Wibbels, T. and Warner, D. A. 2018. Revisiting the first report of temperature‐dependent sex determination in a vertebrate, the African redhead agama. J Zool.. doi:10.1111/jzo.12560 - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Tallowin, Oliver J S; Shai Meiri, Stephen C Donnellan, Stephen J Richards, Christopher C Austin, Paul M Oliver, 2019. The other side of the Sahulian coin: biogeography and evolution of Melanesian forest dragons (Agamidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 129: 99-113. - get paper here
  • Warner, D.A. and R. Shine 2008. The adaptive significance of temperature-dependent sex determination in a reptile. Nature doi:10.1038/nature06519 - get paper here
  • White, J. 1790. Journal of a voyage to new South Wales, with sixty-five plates of non descript animals, birds, lizards, serpents, curious cones of trees and other natural productions. Debrett, London, 229 pp. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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