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Amphisbaena arenicola PEREZ & BORGES-MARTINS, 2019

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymAmphisbaena arenicola PEREZ & BORGES-MARTINS 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Santa Catarina)

Type locality: Praia dos Ingleses, municipality of Florianopolis, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil (27° 26’S, 48° 23’O).  
TypesHolotype: UFRGS 5892. Collected by Tobias S. Kunz (Fig. 8). Paratypes: UFRGS5893, 5894, 5967*Ingleses, Florianopolis,
Santa Catarina, Brazil; Referred material: CHUFSC 668, 683 Rio Vermelho, Florianopolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil; CHUFSC 696; UFRGS 5968*, 6303*, 6615*, 6616*, 6702* Ingleses, Florianopolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil; CHUFSC 856 Baixada do Macaimbu, Pinheira, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Specimens indicated with an asterisk where included on genetic analysis. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Amphisbaena arenicola sp. nov. is distinguished from other Amphisbaena by the following character combination: (1) rounded head; (2) smooth segments at the tip of the tail; (3) four pre-cloacal pores; (4) 199-216 body annuli; (5) caudal autotomy seen externally from 8-9 caudal anulli; (6) 3/3 or 4/4 supralabial shields; (7) short snout, representing less than 50% of head length. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet arenicola is an adjective derived from the Latin word for living in the sand. This name was chosen because this is the only taxon of the species-group inhabiting mainly sandy habitats (Restinga areas). 
  • Perez, R. & Borges-Martins, M. 2019. Integrative taxonomy of small worm lizards from Southern South America, with description of three new species (Amphisbaenia: Amphisbaenidae). Zool. Anz. 283: 124–141 - get paper here
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