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Amphisbaena bakeri STEJNEGER, 1904

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Puerto Rican Many-ringed Wormlizard, Baker's Worm Lizard 
SynonymAmphisbaena bakeri STEJNEGER 1904: 681
Amphisbaena bakeri — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 555
Amphisbaena bakeri — GANS 2005: 11 
DistributionPuerto Rico

Type locality: Puerto Rico.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 25541. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size large (SVL to 260 mm); tail to 21 mm, cylindrical, rounded
terminally; no caudal autotomy; body annuli 239-255, caudal annuli 14-16; dorsal segments (= scale rows) 14-16/midbody annulus, ventral segments 16-17/midbody annulus; rows of postgenials 2; no postmalar chin shields; 4 precloacal pores; nasal suture long, more than one-third prefrontal suture; no temporal. Dorsum pinkish gray, gray, or light brown, darker and more uniform on upper surface of head and tail; rectangular centers of each segment much darker than margins, giving impression of pattern of dark spots; color darker dorsally than pinkish venter; chin and varying portions of venter with light-colored segments lacking dark rectangles, not due to fading but rather to absence along margins of light-colored regions (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 555). 
CommentIllustrations: Stejneger, 1904; Schmidt, 1928; Gans and Alexander, 1962.

Synonymy: Grant 1932 doubted the validity of A. bakeri 
EtymologyNamed after the collector if the type, A.B. Baker. 
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130 - get paper here
  • Gans, Carl & Alexander, A. Allen 1962. Studies on amphisbaenids (Amphisbaenia, Reptilia). 2. On the amphisbaenids of the Antilles. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 128 (3): 65-158 - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1932. A redescription of Amphisbaena caeca with a discussion of its relationship to A. bakeri. J. Dept. Agric. Puerto Rico 16: 153-155
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1928. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands: Amphibians and land reptiles of Porto Rico, with a list of those reported from the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences 10 (1):160 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Stejneger, L. 1904. The herpetology of Porto Rico. Rept. United States Natl. Mus. 1902: 549-724.
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