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Amphisbaena brasiliana (GRAY, 1865)

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Brazilian Worm Lizard
Portuguese: Cobra-de-Duas-Cabeças, Cobra-Cega 
SynonymBronia brasiliana GRAY 1865: 371
Bronia brasiliana — PETERS et al. 1970: 87
Bronia brasiliana — GANS 1971
Bronia brasiliana — CASTRO-MELLO 2003
Amphisbaena brasiliana — MOTT & VIEITES 2009 
DistributionBrazil (Para)

Type locality: “Tropical AMerica, Santarem, on the Amazonas”  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.31.77 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (Bronia): Head ovate, räther convex; rostral shield very large, hemispherical, with the small nasal shields inserted in notches on its hinder edge, which is placed over the front labial; crown convex, rounded. on the side, covered with two pairs of shields; the front pair square, the hinder smaller, triangular, with a small triangular occipital shield on its outer side; eye-shield triangular; labial shields 3--3 2-23 the second upper and front lower large; gular shield single, square, with d cross series of shields behind it. Body cylindrical ; lateral line well marked, the dorsal shields elongate, narrow; the ventral ones rather broader, smooth; preanal pores four; the preanal shields six or eight, the central pair largest, the lateral ones very small. Tail blunt.” (Gray 1865) 
CommentType species: Bronia brasiliana is the type species of the genus Bronia GRAY 1865. Bronia was synonymized with Amphisbaena by MOTT & VIEITES 2009. 
EtymologyNamed after the species’ distribution in Brazil. 
  • Almeida JPFA De, De Freitas MA, Da Silva MB, Valverde MCC, Rodrigues MT, Pires AM, Mott T. 2018. A new four-pored Amphisbaena (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae) from northeastern Brazil. Zootaxa 4514 (4): 553-562. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4514.4.8. - get paper here
  • Castro-Mello, C. 2003. Nova espécie de Bronia GRAY 1845, do estado do Tocantins, Brasil (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 43 (7): 139-143 - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130 - get paper here
  • Gans, Carl 1971. Redescription of three monotypic genera of amphisbaenians from South America: Aulura Barbour, Bronia Gray, and Mesobaena Mertens. American Museum Novitates (2475): 1-32 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1865. A revision of the genera and species of amphisbaenians with the descriptions of some new species now in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 16: 365-377 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1865. A revision of the genera and species of amphisbaenians with the descriptions of some new species now in the collection of the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1865: 442-455. - get paper here
  • Mott, Tamí; David R. Vieites 2009. Molecular phylogenetics reveals extreme morphological homoplasy in Brazilian worm lizards challenging current taxonomy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 51 (2): 190-200 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, A. S. Q. A. and F. B. R. Gomes 2017. Amphisbaena brasiliana Reproduction. Herpetological Review 48 (2): 432-433 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Vaz-Silva, W.; RM Oliveira, AFN Gonzaga, KC Pinto, FC Poli, TM Bilce, M Penhacek, L Wronski, JX Martins, TG Junqueira, LCC, Cesca VY, Guimarães RD. Pinheiro 2015. Contributions to the knowledge of amphibians and reptiles from Volta Grande do Xingu, northern Brazil Braz. J. Biol., 75 (3) (suppl.): S205-S218 - get paper here
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