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Amphisbaena cubana GUNDLACH & PETERS, 1879

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Cuban Brown Wormlizard, Cuban Worm Lizard 
SynonymAmphisbaena cubana GUNDLACH & PETERS in PETERS 1879: 780
Amphisbaena cubana — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 557
Amphisbaena cubana — GANS 2005: 13
Amphisbaena cubana — CABALLERO & BARRETO 2021 
DistributionE/C Cuba, Isla de la Juventud

Type locality: “Cuba”  
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 6904, 9383 (SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991)
Holotype: MCZ 12136 [barbouri] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL to 197 mm); tail to 16 mm, cylindrical, tapering,
rounded terminally; caudal autotomy usually after seventh caudal annulus; ocular and second supralabial usually fused; body annuli 199-240, caudal annuli 10-18; dorsal segments 12-16/midbody annulus, ventral segments 14-18/midbody annulus; rows of postgenials 2; no postmalar chin shields; precloacal scales 8; postcloacal scales 10; 4-6 (strongly modally 4) precloacal pores; nasal suture short; 1 temporal. Dorsum (as preserved) shades of brown; venter with pink to violet gloss in life; dorsal color solid on upper surface of head and tail; on body, rectangular center of each segment much darker than margin, giving impression of dark spots; color darker dorsally than ventrally; most specimens with few white segments randomly scattered over venter (less than 10% have most of venter white, color dropping out irregularly and not at given level) (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 557). 
CommentThe description incorrectly lists ZMB 9384 as one of the types. 
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • CABALLERO, DAYLON FUNDORA & ÁNGEL ARIAS BARRETO 2021. Nuevas adiciones a la herpetofauna del Refugio de Fauna Loma de Cunagua, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba. Poeyana (512): 1–4. - get paper here
  • Gandia, Anaisa Cajigas; Javier Torres López, and Tomas M. Rodriguez-Cabrera 2018. Survival on three legs: The case of a Cuban Knight Anole, Anolis equestris (Dactyloidae). IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 25 (1): 35-36 - get paper here
  • Gandia, Anaisa Cajigas; Jesús Reina Carvajal, and Javier Torres López 2018. An instance of nectarivory in a Cuban Green Anole, Anolis porcatus (Squamata: Dactyloidae). IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 25 (1): 37–39 - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130 - get paper here
  • Gans, Carl & Alexander, A. Allen 1962. Studies on amphisbaenids (Amphisbaenia, Reptilia). 2. On the amphisbaenids of the Antilles. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 128 (3): 65-158 - get paper here
  • Hernández, F.B., Torres, J. & Bermúdez, S.V. 2018. Geographic Distribution: Amphisbaena cubana (Cuban Brown Amphisbaena). Herpetological Review 49 (1): 73. - get paper here
  • LANGNER, C. 2019. Die geheimnisvollen Doppelschleichen (Amphisbaenia) - ein Leben im Untergrund Elaphe 2019 (6): 14-21
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1879. Über vier neue amerikanische Amphisbaena-Arten. Monatsber. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1878: 778-781 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1988. West Indian Amphibian and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. No. 74: 264 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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