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Amphisbaena gonavensis GANS & ALEXANDER, 1962

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Gonave Wormlizard, Gonave Worm Lizard 
SynonymAmphisbaena innocens gonavensis GANS & ALEXANDER 1962: 111
Amphisbaena gonavensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 559
Amphisbaena gonavensis — THOMAS & HEDGES 2006 
DistributionHaiti (Île de la Gonâve, Île de la Petite Gonâve)

Type locality: Pointe à Raquettes, Île de la Gonâve, Haiti.  
TypesHolotype: YPM 3384 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION (gonavensis + hyporissor): Size moderate (SVL to 242 mm); tail to 19 mm, cylindrical, slightly tapering, rounded terminally; caudal autotomy uncommon, after fifth annulus; body annuli 199-225, caudal annuli 10-21; dorsal segments 16-18/midbody annulus, ventral segments 22-24/midbody annulus; rows of postgenials 1-2; 1 row postmalar chin shields; 4 precloacal pores; 6-7 precloacal scales, 11-14 postcloacal scales; nasal suture short; 2 temporals. Dorsum rusty brown, pale tan, to purplish, darker dorsally than ventrally (ventral ground color yellowish, throat gray with brown spots), and with some scattered, dark mottling (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 559). 
CommentIllustrations: Gans and Alexander, 1962; Thomas, 1965c.

Synonymy: Thomas & Hedges (2006), by implication, considered A. g. leberi to be a synomym of A. hyporissor. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Cole, Charles J.;Gans, Carl 1987. Chromosomes of Bipes, Mesobaena, and other Amphisbaenians (Reptilia), with comments on their evolution. American Museum Novitates (2869): 1-9 - get paper here
  • Falcione, Camila and Alejandra Hernando 2010. A new karyotypic formula for the genus Amphisbaena (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae). Phyllomedusa 9 (1): 75-80 - get paper here
  • Gans, Carl & Alexander, A. Allen 1962. Studies on amphisbaenids (Amphisbaenia, Reptilia). 2. On the amphisbaenids of the Antilles. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 128 (3): 65-158 - get paper here
  • Powell, R. 1992. Amphisbaena gonavensis Gans and Alexander. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 539: 1-3 - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert; José A. Ottenwalder and Sixto J. Incháustegui 1999. The Hispaniolan Herpetofauna: Diversity, Endemism, and Historical Perpectives, with Comments on Navassa Island. In Crother, Caribbean Amphibians and Reptiles, Academic Press, pp. 93-168 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. 1965. Two new subspecies of Amphisbaena (Amphisbaenia, Reptilia) from the Barahona Peninsula of Hispaniola. Breviora (215): 1-14 - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. & Hedges, S.B. 2006. Two New Species of Amphisbaena (Reptilia: Squamata: Amphisbaenidae) from the Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti. Carib. J. Sci. 42 (2): 208-219 - get paper here
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