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Amphisbaena manni BARBOUR, 1914

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Hispaniolan Dwarf Wormlizard, Mann's Worm Lizard 
SynonymAmphisbaena manni BARBOUR 1914: 318
Amphisbaena manni — SCHMIDT 1921
Amphisbaena manni — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 561
Amphisbaena manni — THOMAS & HEDGES 2006 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti, Dominican Republic)

Type locality: Cap-Haïtien, Département du Nord, Haiti.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 8645. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL to 212 mm); tail to 22 mm, cylindrical, not especially tapering, rounded terminally; caudal autotomy between 5-7 caudal annuli; rostral and nasal fused; body annuli 209-243, caudal annuli 17-22; dorsal segments 12-16/midbody annulus, ventral segments 14-20/midbody annulus; rows of postgenials 2; no (or only very occasionally 1) row of postmalar chin shields; 4-9 precloacal pores; nasal suture short; 1 temporal. Dorsum (as preserved) uniform brown, only slightly darker on dorsum, head, and tail; darker centers of segments not obvious macroscopically (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 561). 
CommentIllustrations: Cochran, 1941; Gans and Alexander, 1962. 
EtymologyNamed after William Montana Mann (1886-1960), who ran away from home to join the circus. The circus owner, John Ringling, advised him to get an education "instead. Mann followed that advice. 
  • Barbour, Thomas 1914. A Contribution to the Zoögeography of the West Indies, with Especial Reference to Amphibians and Reptiles. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy 44 (2): 205-359 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Falcione, Camila and Alejandra Hernando 2010. A new karyotypic formula for the genus Amphisbaena (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae). Phyllomedusa 9 (1): 75-80 - get paper here
  • Gans, Carl & Alexander, A. Allen 1962. Studies on amphisbaenids (Amphisbaenia, Reptilia). 2. On the amphisbaenids of the Antilles. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 128 (3): 65-158 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1921. Notes on the herpetology of Santo Domingo. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44: 7-20. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. & Hedges, S.B. 2006. Two New Species of Amphisbaena (Reptilia: Squamata: Amphisbaenidae) from the Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti. Carib. J. Sci. 42 (2): 208-219 - get paper here
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