Amphisbaena maranhensis GOMES & MACIEL, 2012
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|Higher Taxa||Amphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||Portuguese: Cobra-de-Duas-Cabeças, Cobra-Cega|
|Synonym||Amphisbaena maranhensis GOMES & MACIEL 2012|
Type locality: Municipality of Loreto (07°09’09” S; 45°18’14” W), Maranhão state, Brazil.
|Types||Holotype: MPEG 28562 (field number: DT 178). Specimen after collection broken into two pieces, in the posterior region of the body near the cloaca; both pieces preserved (Fig. 2). Collected in pitfall trap by Dante Pavan, Vinícius de Avelar São Pedro, and José Mario Guelhere on 3 March, 2009.|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. A small species of Amphisbaena, without major fusion of head shields: rostral, nasals, prefrontals, frontals, parietals and labials are distinct. Three supralabials, irregularly polygonal; first supralabial, rhomboid, longer and lower than the second and third; three infralabials, third one, pentagonal, higher than the first and second. Two rows of postgenials, first with two scales and second with three scales, lacking a postmalar row. Body annuli 306, caudal annuli 21, with the eighth postcloacal annulus more pigmented than adjacent annuli, 10 dorsal segments and 14 ventral segments in a midbody annulus, and no precloacal pores. Tip of tail with a vertical keel. Dorsal sulcus absent, lateral sulci distinct.|
|Etymology||The name of the species refers to Maranhão state, where the new species was collected.|
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