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Amphisbaena slevini SCHMIDT, 1936

IUCN Red List - Amphisbaena slevini - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Slevin's Worm Lizard
Portuguese: Cobra-de-Duas-Cabeças, Cobra-Cega 
SynonymAmphisbaena slevini SCHMIDT 1936
Amphisbaena slevini — GANS 1963: 14
Amphisbaena slevini— HOOGMOED & AVILA-PIRES 1991
Amphisbaena slevini — STARACE 1998: 56
Amphisbaena slevini — GANS 2005: 20 
DistributionBrazil (Amazonas), E French Guiana

Type locality: Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil, (0°07’S, 60°00’W).  
TypesHolotype: CAS 49809 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS: A small form of Amphisbaena without major fusion of head shields; with only two supralabials and two infralabials, but with two pairs of enlarged postlabials following thereafter on the side of the head; and with the postocular and parietal very much enlarged, extending posteriorly to just anterior to the head joint,each larger than the frontal, and the most noticeable feature of the head.The form has 204 to 211body annuli; five to six (in some specimens four) caudal annuli up to the autotomy constriction (at which the tail is autotomized in more than half of the specimens); 23 to 25 caudal annuli from the cloaca to the bluntly rounded caudal spine; 12 (in some specimens 10 to 14) dorsal and 12 (in some specimens 10 to 11) ventral segments to a midbody annulus; and four precloacal pores or pore scars. The color of preserved specimens is a uniform medium brown, with litle countershading and without any particular variegation or differentiation of the head or tail Gans 1963: 14). 
CommentDistribution: map in HOOGMOED & AVILA-PIRES 1991. 
EtymologyNamed after Joseph Richard Slevin (1881-1957), curator of Herpetology at the California Academy of Sciences 1928-1957. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 1963. Notes on amphisbaenids (Amphisbaenia, Reptilia). 7. Redescription and redefinition of Amphisbaena mitchelli Procter and Amphisbaena slevini Schmidt from the middle and lower Amazon, Brazil. American Museum Novitates (2127): 1-22 - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed M.S.; de Avila-Pires T C S 1991. A new species of small Amphisbaena (Reptilia: Amphisbaenia: Amphisbaenidae) from western Amazonian Brazil. BOLETIM DO MUSEU PARAENSE EMILIO GOELDI SERIE ZOOLOGIA 7 (1): 77-94
  • Hoogmoed, Marinus S.; Roberta R. Pinto, Wáldima Alves da Rocha, and Emiliane G. Pereira 2009. A NEW SPECIES OF MESOBAENA MERTENS, 1925 (SQUAMATA: AMPHISBAENIDAE) FROM BRAZILIAN GUIANA, WITH A KEY TO THE AMPHISBAENIDAE OF THE GUIANAN REGION. Herpetologica 65 (4): 436 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1936. Notes on Brasilian amphisbaenians. Herpetologica 1 (1): 28-32. - get paper here
  • Starace, Fausto 1998. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. IBIS Rouge Editions, Guadeloupe, Guyane, 450 pp.
  • Starace, Fausto 2013. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. Ibis Rouge Editions, Matoury, Guyane, ISBN 978-2-84450-407-4 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini, P.E. 2002. AN AID TO THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE SOUTH AMERICAN SPECIES OF AMPHISBAENA (SQUAMATA, AMPHISBAENIDAE). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 42(15):351-362 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini,P.E. 1991. Two new small species of Amphisbaena from the fossil dune field of the middle Rio São Francisco, State of Bahia, Brasil (Reptilia, Amphisbaenia). Pap. Avul. Univ. Sao Paulo. 37 (17): 259-276
  • Vitt, L.; Magnusson, W.E.; Ávila-Pires, T.C. & Lima, A.P. 2008. Guide to the Lizards of Reserva Adolpho Ducke, Central Amazonia. Attema, Manaus, 180 pp.
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