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Amphisbaena talisiae VANZOLINI, 1995

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesPortuguese: Cobra-de-Duas-Cabeças-do-Cerrado, Cobra-de-Duas-Cabeças-da-Pitomba 
SynonymAmphisbaena talisiae VANZOLINI 1995
Amphisbaena mensae CASTRO-MELLO 2000
Amphisbaena mensae — GANS 2005: 16
Amphisbaena talisiae — GANS 2005 
DistributionBrazil (Mato Grosso, E Minas Gerais, C Tocantins)

Type locality: Mato Grosso, Serra da Pitomba (15°49’S, 52°10’W).

mensae: Brazil (Goías, Distrito Federal); Type locality: Minacu, Serra da Mesa region, NE Goías  
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 78808.
Holotype: MZUSP 83231 [mensae] 
DiagnosisAmphisbaena talisiae can be distinguished from its congeners by a series of morphological characters, including a round head, three supralabial and three infralabial scales, postmalar row absent, four precloacal pores without a median hiatus, 205–234 body annuli, 17–29 caudal annuli, 10–14 dorsal and 14–18 ventral segments in a midbody annulus (Costa et al. 2019).

Amphisbaena talisiae, sp. n., from Serra da Pitomba (15° 49'S, 52° 10'W), a small, slender species, is characterized by having four preanal pores, 218 body annuli, caudal autotomy on the seventh annulus (tail broken and healed), 10/14 segments to a body annulus. 
CommentSynonymy: Costa et al. 2019 synonymized Amphisbaena mensae with A. talisiae.

NCBI taxonID: 2707041 [mensae] 
  • Campos Nogueira, C. de 2001. New records of Squamate Reptiles in Central Brazilian Cerrado II: Brasília Region. Herpetological Review 32 (4): 285-287 - get paper here
  • Castro-Mello, C. 2000. A new species of Amphisbaena from Central Brazil (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 41 (916): 243-246
  • COSTA, HENRIQUE C.; ROBERTA GRABOSKI, HUSSAM ZAHER 2019. Amphisbaena mensae Catro-Mello, 2000 is a synonym of Amphisbaena talisiae Vanzolini, 1995 (Squamata: Amphisbaenia: Amphisbaenidae). Zootaxa 4559 (1): 166–174 - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Guerra, V., Ramalho, W. P., Machado, I. F., & Brandão, R. A. 2022. Herpetofauna of the Serra do Tombador Nature Reserve, State of Goiás, Central Brazil. Arquivos de Zoologia, 53(3), 33-51 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Strussmann, Christine & Tami Mott 2009. Sympatric amphisbaenids from Manso Dam region, Mato Grosso State, Western Brazil, with the description of a new two-pored species of Amphisbaena (Squamata, Amphisbaenidae). Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 44 (1): 37 – 46 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini P E 1995. A new species of Amphisbaena from the state of Mato Grosso, Brasil (Reptilia: Amphisbaenia: Amphisbaenidae). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 39 (10): 217-221
  • Vanzolini, P.E. 2002. AN AID TO THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE SOUTH AMERICAN SPECIES OF AMPHISBAENA (SQUAMATA, AMPHISBAENIDAE). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 42(15):351-362 - get paper here
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