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Amplorhinus multimaculatus SMITH, 1847

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Higher TaxaPseudoxyrhophiidae(Amplorhininae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Many-spotted Snake, Cape Reed Snake 
SynonymAmplorhinus multimaculatus SMITH 1847
Dipsas smithii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1162
Coronella multimaculatus — GÜNTHER 1858: 38
Psammophylax multimaculatus — JAN 1863: 310
Amplorhinus multimaculatus — BOULENGER 1896: 125
Amplorhinus multimaculatus — BROADLEY 1959
Amplorhinus multimaculatus — BRANCH & BAUER 2005
Amplorhinus multimaculatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 35 
DistributionS/E Republic of South Africa, E Zimbabwe, Mozambique

Type locality: “Southern Africa” [= Cape of Good Hope fide Boulenger, 1896: 125, and Cape Colony, South Africa fide V.F.M. FitzSimons, 1962: 193].  
TypesTypes: BMNH 1946.1.2.71-75 (and possibly additional specimens).
Syntypes: USNM 61227, 6217 [Dipsas smithi] 
CommentSynonymy after BOULENGER 1896.

Type species: Amplorhinus multimaculatus SMITH 1847 is the type species of the genus Amplorhinus SMITH 1847.

Type genus: Amplorhinus SMITH 1847 is the type genus of the subfamily Amplorhininae MEIRTE 1992 which includes the genera Amplorhinus, Dityophis, and Duberria (see KELLY et al. 2009). 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Branch, W. R. 1984. Birth of Cape Many - Spotted Snakes, Amplorhinus multimaculatus. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (30): 12-12 - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Branch, William R. & Bauer, Aaron M. 2005. The herpetological contributions of Sir Andrew Smith. SSAR, 80 pp.
  • Broadley, D. & Blaylock 2013. The Snakes of Zimbabwe and Botswana. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 387 pp. [book review in Sauria 35 (2): 59 and Copeia 2014: 388] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1959. The herpetology of Southern Rhodesia. Part I--the snakes. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 120 (1): 1-100 [reprint 1972] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1962. On some reptile collections from the North-Western and North-Eastern Districts of Southern Rhodesia 1958-1961, with descriptions of four new lizards. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. South. Rhodesia 26 (B): 787-843
  • Dubey, Bhawna; P. R. Meganathan, Nicolas Vidal, and Ikramul Haque 2012. Molecular Evidence for the Nonmonophyly of the Asian Natricid Genus Xenochrophis (Serpentes, Colubroidea) as Inferred from Mitochondrial and Nuclear Genes. Journal of Herpetology 46 (2): 263-268. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • FitzSimons, V. 1962. Snakes of Southern Africa. Purnell (Cape town & Johannesburg), 423 pp.
  • Günther, A. 1858. Catalogue of Colubrine snakes of the British Museum. London, I - XVI, 1 - 281
  • Jan, G. 1863. Enumerazione sistematica degli ofidi appartenenti al gruppo Coronellidae. Arch. Zool. Anat. Fisiol. 2 (2): 213-330 [1862] - get paper here
  • Kelly, Christopher M. R.; Nigel P. Barker, Martin H. Villet and Donald G. Broadley 2009. PHYLOGENY, BIOGEOGRAPHY AND CLASSIFICATION OF THE SNAKE SUPERFAMILY ELAPOIDEA: A RAPID RADIATION IN THE LATE EOCENE. Cladistics 25: 38-63 - get paper here
  • Marais, J. 2004. A Complete Guide to the Snakes of Southern Africa, 2nd ed. Struik Publishers, 312 pp.
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Smith, A. 1847. Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa, Reptilia. Smith, Elder, and Co., London - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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