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Anadia pulchella RUTHVEN, 1926

IUCN Red List - Anadia pulchella - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Ruthven's Anadia 
SynonymAnadia pulchella RUTHVEN 1926
Anadia pulchella — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 41
Anadia pulchella — HARRIS & AYALA 1987 
DistributionColombia (Magdalena, Cesar)

Type locality: La Cumbre, Hacienda Vista Nieve, Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia, elevation 2100 m.  
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 63333 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. This bitaeniata group species is allied to its highland counterpart in the Santa Marta Mountains (described below) and distinct from the three Andean species by its well imbricated ventral scales, thenar scales usually as large or larger than the scales on the underside of the pollex of the forelimb, and by the less extensively spined hemipenes in which the rows of spinules are interrupted at the proximally pointing apices on the sides in all except the two most distal flounces and the rows of spinules are contiguous between sides at the absulcal midline in only the four flounces nearest the base. This species is distinguished from its highland counterpart by the flat upper surface of the snout in large males (not convex in profile), presence of prefrontal scales, greater number of femoral pores (5-9 per side), and subdued coloration with conspicuous absence of an intense dark spot on each ventral scale. The most frequent color pattern of A. pulchella is unique within its species group: distinct medium brown streak on head through nostril, eye and ear, and on side of neck above pure white labials,chin and throat; dorsum with medially broken transverse bands; venter with essentially two irregular rows of light brown spots [from HARRIS & AYALA 1987]. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “pulchella” = pretty. 
  • Arredondo, Juan C. 2013. A new species of gymnophthalmid lizard of the genus Anadia (Gymnophthalmidae: Cercosaurinae) from Northern Andes of Colombia. Amphibia-Reptilia 34 (2): 173-184. - get paper here
  • Carvajal-Cogollo, J.E.; L.E. Rojas-Murcia. & G. Cárdenas-Arévalo 2020. Reptiles del Caribe colombiano/ Reptiles of the Colombian Caribbean. Tunja: Editorial UPTC, 268 pp. - get paper here
  • Harris D M; Ayala S C 1987. A new Anadia (Sauria: Teiidae) from Colombia and restoration of Anadia pamplonensis Dunn to species status. Herpetologica 43 (2): 182-190 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1929. A new Anadia from Colombia with remarks on other members of the genus. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 42: 99-102 - get paper here
  • Ruthven,A.G. 1926. A new species of Anadia from the Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan (177): 1-3 - get paper here
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