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Anniella campi PAPENFUSS & PARHAM, 2013

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Anniellinae),
Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Southern Sierra Legless Lizard 
SynonymAnniella campi PAPENFUSS & PARHAM 2013
Anniella pulchra lineage D — PARHAM & PAPENFUSS 2009 
DistributionUSA (California)

Type locality: 35.6251°N, 117.9581°W (1,230 m elevation; Figs. 1, 4), Big Spring, 5.8 km NW Junction Hwy. 14 (by Hwy. 178) Kern County, California, USA.  
TypesHolotype: MVZ 257727 (Fig. 3), collected on March 31, 2006, by Theodore J. Papenfuss. Paratypes. CAS 233827, an adult male, 233828, an adult female, from 35.6252°N, 117.9581°W (1,240 m elev.; Figs. 1, 4), Big Spring, 5.8 km NW junction Hwy. 14 (by Hwy. 178) Kern County, California, U.S.A., collected on March 31, 2006, by Theodore J. Papenfuss; MCZ R-189380 (Fig. 3), 189381, 189382, adults not sexed from 35.6252°N, 117.9581°W (1,240 m elev.; Figs. 1, 4), Big Spring, 5.8 km NW junction Hwy. 14 (by Hwy. 178) Kern County, California, U.S.A., collected on May 7, 2011, by Theodore J. Papenfuss. Figures in PAPENFUSS & PARHAM 2013. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Distinguished from all other species of the Anniella pulchra complex by a unique color pattern consisting of continuous, double, dark lateral stripes from the side of the head to the tip of the tail. This character is present in all paratypes and referred specimens. Anniella campi shows a maximum mitochondrial sequence divergence (for ND2) from A. pulchra of 8.4%, from A. grinnelli of 5.8%, from A. alexanderae of 4.9%, and from A. stebbinsi of 4.3%. 
CommentDistribution: see map in PAPENFUSS & PARHAM 2013.

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThis species is named after Charles Lewis Camp (1893–1974; Fig. 6), former student at the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology and later director of the University of California Museum of Paleontology. On a 1915 collecting expedition to Yosemite National Park with Joseph Grinnell, he discovered the Mt. Lyell salamander, Hydromantes platycephalus (Camp, 1916), part of a lineage that is otherwise restricted to the Old World and therefore one of the more significant herpetological discoveries in North America. Charles Camp also participated in successful paleontological expeditions throughout western North America, as well as Africa, Australia, and South America. Camp’s (1923) influential ‘‘Classification of the lizards’’ formed the foundation for modern taxonomy of squamates (Estes and Pregill, 1988). 
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Papenfuss, Theodore J. and James F. Parham 2013. Four New Species of California Legless Lizards (Anniella). Breviora 536: 1-17 - get paper here
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