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Anolis acutus HALLOWELL, 1856

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Saint Croix Anole, Saint Croix's anole, Sharp Anole 
SynonymAnolis acutus HALLOWELL 1856: 228
Anolis newtoni GÜNTHER 1859: 212
Anolis acutus — BOULENGER 1885: 36
Anolis acutus — LAZELL 1972
Anolis acutus — BRANDLEY & DE QUEIROZ 2004
Ctenonotus acutus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Ctenonotus acutus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionLesser Antilles: US Virgin Islands, St. Croix, Puerto Rico Bank

Type locality: St. Croix  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.12.48-49 (and possibly additional specimens). 1946.8.12.44-45, 1946.8.12.55 original number 1859.3.14.8-12 [newtoni] 
CommentSpecies group: Ctenonotus cristatellus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “acuere” = sharp, or “acutus” = sharpened, pointed, or “acumen” = tip, or “acus” = needle. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Brandley, M.C. & De Queiroz, K. 2004. Phylogeny, ecomorphological evolution, and historical biogeography of the Anolis cristatellus series. Herpetological Monographs 18: 90-126 - get paper here
  • Gorman, G.C. 1969. The zoogeography of Lesser Antillean Anolis lizards; an analysis based upon chromosomes and lactic dehydrogenases. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138 (3): 53-80. - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1937. Herpetological notes with new species from the American and British Virgin Islands, 1936. J. Dept. Agric. Puerto Rico 21: 503-522.
  • Günther, A. 1859. On the reptiles from St. Croix, West Indies, collected by Messrs, A. and B. Newton. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 4: 209-217 - get paper here
  • Hallowell, E. 1856. Notes on reptiles in the collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 8: 221-238 - get paper here
  • Lazell,J.D. 1972. The anoles (Sauria: Iguanidae) of the lesser Antilles. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 143 (1): 1-115 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Roughgarden, J. 1995. Anolis Lizards of the Caribbean: Ecology, Evolution, and Plate Tectonics. OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, 200 pp.
  • Ruibal, R.; Philibosian, R. 1974. The population ecology of the lizard Anolis acutus. Ecology 55: 525-537 - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R.; Philobosian, R. 1974. Aggression in the lizard Anolis acutus. Copeia 1974 (2): 349-357 - get paper here
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