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Anolis aeneus GRAY, 1840

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Grenada Bush Anole, Bronze Anole 
SynonymAnolis aeneus GRAY 1840: 114
Anolis gentilis GARMAN 1887: 34
Anolis roquet var. cinereus GARMAN 1887: 35
Anolis cepedii cinereus GARMAN (fide KLUGE 1984: 7)
Anolis roquet aeneus — UNDERWOOD in WILLIAMS et al. 1959
Anolis roquet cinereus — UNDERWOOD in WILLIAMS et al. 1959
Anolis cepedii gentilis — COCHRAN 1961: 86
Anolis roquet aeneus — DONOSO-BARROS 1968
Anolis aeneus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 206
Anolis aeneus — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Dactyloa aenea — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Dactyloa aenea — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionLesser Antilles: Petit Martinique, Grenadines, Guiana, Guyana, Grenada
Introduced to Trinidad (Lazell 1972).

Type locality: None given. Restricted to “Point Saline, Grenada” by Lazell 1972.  
ReproductionAnolis trinitatis hybridizes with the likewise introduced Anolis aeneus on Trinidad (Lazell 1972). However, hybrids show greatly reduced reproductive fitness (Gorman et al. 1971). 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.28.7
Syntype: ANSP 23006, West Indies, Petit Martinique [gentilis]
Syntypes: UMMZ 60237, MCZ, USNM 39295 [gentilis]
Syntypes: USNM 39298, UMMZ 60226, MCZ [cinereus] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 77 mm on Grenada Bank, to 80 mm in Guyana; females to 55 mm); 3-4 rows of loreals; 0 scales between supraorbital semicircles; 0 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; scales behind interparietal grade gradually into dorsals; dorsal scales swollen, slightly imbricate; ventral scales cycloid, smooth, slightly imbricate; 3-4 postrostrals; 4-6 postmentals; suboculars in contact with supralabials; midventrals smooth; supradigital scales smooth; 4-5 rows of vertical scales/10th caudal verticil. Dorsal ground color (males) gray, gray-brown, brown, bright green, or blue and yellow, with or without a bronzy sheen or green wash; dorsum with dark or light peppering of spots, usually arranged in transverse bars; orbital area bluish (not in sharp contrast to ground color); dewlap dull gray-green with scales of same color to lemon-yellow with white scales; venter grayish; dorsum (females) gray-brown; dorsal pattern (a) obsolete, (b) bold, dark, middorsal stripes, (c) a single stripe, or (d) transverse bars (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 206). 
CommentKaryotype: Anolis trinitatis and Anolis aeneus have 36 and 34 chromosomes, respectively. Hybrids have 35 chromosomes (Gorman et al. 1968).

Synonymy after Lazell 1972.

Species groups: Dactyloa roquet species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after its color: Latin “aenea/-us” = bronze, copper, or ore. 
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