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Anolis allogus BARBOUR & RAMSDEN, 1919

IUCN Red List - Anolis allogus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Spanish Flag Anole, Bueycito Anole 
SynonymAnolis allogus BARBOUR & RAMSDEN 1919: 159
Anolis abatus AHL 1924: 248
Anolis allogus — SCHWARTZ 1968: 173
Anolis allogus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 211
Anolis allogus — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 359
Norops allogus — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis allogus — FLASCHENDRÄGER 2002
Anolis allogus — GEIßLER 2005
Norops allogus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops allogus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 

Type locality: Bueycito, near Bayamo (Sierra Maestra), Granma Province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 8544. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 62 mm, in females to 49 mm); total loreals 17-52; scales between supraorbitals 0-4 (mode 2); 1-8 (mode 4) scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 5 postrostrals; 0--6 (strongly modally 2) postrnentals; prenasal usually divided horizontally; dorsals small, granular; ventrals smooth, in diagonal and transverse rows; scales around posterior margin of interparietal small, grading into dorsals; supradigital scales multicarinate, mucronate. Dorsum reddish brown with yellow reticulations, capable of metachrosis to pale pink or tan to very dark red-brown, reticulations most prominent in latter phase; usually some evidence of dorsal chevrons; tail more red than body; dewlap yellow, pale yellow, pale peach (without definite bars), with 3-4 transverse red, brick, or orange bars, at times a central orange or reddish blotch or spot; iris metallic blue or gray; tail laterally compressed, crested in males; females with wide, tan to yellow middorsal stripe, at times scalloped or modified to yield diamond-shaped markings (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 211). 
CommentIllustrations: Ruibal, 1961; Ruibal and Williams, 1961; Schwartz, 1968, Flaschendräger 2002.

Species group: Norops sagrei species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Ahl, E. 1924. Neue Reptilien und Batrachier aus dem zoologischen Museum Berlin. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 90 (A) 5: 246-254
  • Barbour, T. and C. T. Ramsden. 1919. The herpetology of Cuba. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard Coll. 47: 69-213. - get paper here
  • Flaschendräger, A. 2002. Beobachtungen an Anolis-Arten in der Cordillera de Guaniguanico, Provinz Pinar del Río, West-Kuba. Herpetofauna 24 (138): 5-18 - get paper here
  • Fläschendräger, Axel 2017. Beobachtungen an einigen Anolis-Arten im westlichen Kuba. Terraria-Elaphe 2017 (5): 52-63 - get paper here
  • Geißler, L. 2005. Exkursionen im Westen Kubas. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (56): 42-49 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Losos, J. B. 2009. Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles. Berkeley: University of California Press, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Losos, J.B. 2007. Detective Work in the West Indies: Integrating Historical and Experimental Approaches to Study Island Lizard Evolution. BioScience 57 (7): 585-597 - get paper here
  • Losos, Jonathan B., Manuel Leal, Richard E. Glor, Kevin de Queiroz, Paul E. Hertz, Lourdes Rodríguez Schettino, Ada Chamizo Lara, Todd R. Jackman & Allan Larson 2003. Niche lability in the evolution of a Caribbean lizard community. Nature 424: 542-545 - get paper here
  • Muñoz, Martha M.; Johanna E. Wegener and Adam C. Algar 2014. Untangling Intra- and Interspecific Effects on Body Size Clines Reveals Divergent Processes Structuring Convergent Patterns in Anolis Lizards. The American Naturalist 184 (5), DOI: 10.1086/678084 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez-Cabrera, Tomás M. and Ansel Fong G. 2015. Predation on a Blindsnake Genus Typhlops (Squamata: Typhlopidae) by the Spanish Flag Anole, Anolis allogus (Squamata: Dactyloidae) in Cuba. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 22 (4): 156–159  - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. 1961. Thermal relations of five species of tropical lizards. Evolution 15: 98-111. - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. 1964. An annotated checklist and key to the anoline lizards of Cuba. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (8): 475-520. - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. and E. E. Williams. 1961. The taxonomy of the Anolis homolechis complex of Cuba. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 125: 211-246. - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R.; Philibosian, R. 1970. Eurythermy and niche expansion in lizards. Copeia 1970 (4): 645-653 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1968. The Cuban lizards of the Anolis homolechis complex. Tulane Studies in Zoology 14: 140-184. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Williams, E. E.; Rand, A. S. 1977. Species recognition, dewlap function and faunal size. American Zoologist 17: 261-270 - get paper here
  • Yuan, M. L., M. H. Wake, and I. J. Wang. 2019. Phenotypic integration between claw and toepad traits promotes microhabitat specialization in the Anolis adaptive radiation. Evolution 73: 231–244 - get paper here
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