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Anolis altavelensis NOBLE & HASSLER, 1933

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Alto Velo Gracile Anole, Noble's Anole 
SynonymAnolis dominicensis altavelensis NOBLE & HASSLER 1933: 9
Anolis altavelensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 213
Anolis altavelensis — POWELL et al. 1999
Ctenonotus altavelensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis altavalensis — MACGUIGAN et al. 2017 (in error)
Ctenonotus altavelensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola: Isla Alto Velo

Type locality: Isla Alto Velo, República Dominicana.  
TypesHolotype: AMNH 51050. 
CommentIllustrations: Cochran, 1941.

Synonymy: MacGuigan et al. 2017 found that A.altavelensis is genetically indistinguishable from A. distichus ravitergum could be used to argue in favor of no longer recognizing the Alto Velo populations of bark anoles as a distinct species. However, they follow Geneva et al. (2015) that A. altavelensis warrants continued recognition because it is clearly geographically isolated and phenotypical distinct from A. d. ravitergum.

Species group: Ctenonotus distichus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).

Abundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • MacGuigan DJ, Geneva AJ, Glor RE. 2017. A genomic assessment of species boundaries and hybridization in a group of highly polymorphic anoles (distichus species complex). Ecol Evol. 7: 3657–3671, doi:10.1002/ece3.2751 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Noble, G. K. and W. G. Hassler 1933. Two new species of frogs, five new species and a new race of lizards from the Dominican Republic. American Museum Novitates 652: 1-17. - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert; José A. Ottenwalder and Sixto J. Incháustegui 1999. The Hispaniolan Herpetofauna: Diversity, Endemism, and Historical Perpectives, with Comments on Navassa Island. In Crother, Caribbean Amphibians and Reptiles, Academic Press, pp. 93-168 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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