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Anolis alumina HERTZ, 1976

IUCN Red List - Anolis alumina - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Barahona Grass Anole, Shiny Anole 
SynonymAnolis alumina HERTZ 1976: 2
Anolis alumina — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 213
Anolis alumina — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Chamaelinorops alumina — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Chamaelinorops alumina — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola (SE Haiti, SW Dominican Republic)

Type locality: “31.5 km north of Cabo Rojo, Pedernales Province, Dominican Republic (elevation 1150 m)”  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 143824 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 40 mm, in females to 37 mm); habitus attenuate; 4-5 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbital semicircles 0-2 (mode 1); 2-4 scales between interparietal scale and supraorbital semicircles; suboculars keeled and in contact with supralabials; 1-5 (mode 3) sublabials in contact with infralabials; rostral scale markedly rounded on dorsal surface; most head scales keeled; frontal depression very shallow, with smooth scales never larger than anterior supraorbital; 5 postrostrals; 4 postmentals; middorsal scales in longitudinal rows, unicarinate; ventrals in longitudinal rows, unicarinate, imbricate to mucronate (occasionally); supradigital scales multicarinate; tail oval to circular, long. Dorsum with middorsal stripe (or series of elongate blotches that meet medially) that is peppered with off-white; upper surface of head tan to chestnut; flanks chestnut; venter and lower jaw of both sexes and throats of females white with moderate brown peppering; 'conspicuous, white, lateral stripe on lower jaw from snout along flank to hindlimb, at times to base of tail; dewlap pale greenish yellow, dewlap scales white with brown peppering; iris blue (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 213). 
CommentIllustrations: Hertz, 1976. 
  • Hertz, P. E. 1976. Anolis alumina, new species of grass anole from the Barahona Peninsula of Hispaniola. Breviora (437): 1-19. - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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