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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
Dactyloa anatoloros — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Dactyloa anatoloros — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionVenezuela (Barinas, Portuguesa, Trujillo)

Type locality: 1.5 above ground on San Isidro, Barinas (8° 50’ 83” N, 70° 34’ 23” W, 1480 m elevation, Venezuela.  
TypesHolotype: MHNLS 17872, an adult male (Fig. 5), collected 10 June 2006 by J. M. Guayasamín and C. L. Barrio-Amorós. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis.—A medium-sized anole with males reaching maximum SVL of 68 mm and females 66 mm. Head with moderately large, smooth or weakly keeled scales; supraocular semicircles usually distinct and separated by 0–1 scales; a series of 1–3 bordering the upper margin of the supraciliar series (first one or occasion- ally second one conspicuously large); 0–1 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; scales around interparietal large, including those posterior to it. Dorsal scales small, weakly keeled; an enlarged double row is present in males; a tall nuchal fold is present in males, which continues along the vertebral region of dorsum; ventrals larger than dorsals, smooth, squarish or roundish. Tibia 0.20–0.22 times SVL; digital expansions well developed and distinct. Males yellow green with some dark reticulations; females with a light vertebral stripe bordered by very dark stripes or with conspicuous vertebral dark bands that extend considerably onto the flanks. Dewlap in males turquoise blue becoming green peripherally with greenish scales; in female dark brown with black spots and pale scales.
CommentHabitat: premontane wet forests of the eastern Andean piedmont; a likely a vicariant of A. jacare. The two species differ in dewlap and body coloration as well as in certain details of the head squamation. A. anatoloros is characterized by a turquoise green dewlap, large scales bordering the inner margin of the supraciliar series, usually a higher number of suboculars in contact with supralabials and large scales around the interparietal.

Species groups: Dactyloa punctata species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • UGUETO, GABRIEL N.; GILSON RIVAS FUENMAYOR; TITO BARROS, SANTIAGO J. SÁNCHEZ- PACHECO & JUAN E. GARCÍA-PÉREZ 2007. A revision of the Venezuelan Anoles I: A new Anolis species from the Andes of Venezuela with the redescription of Anolis jacare Boulenger 1903 (Reptilia: Polychrotidae) and the clarification of the status of Anolis nigropunctatus Williams 1974. Zootaxa 1501: 1–30 - get paper here
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